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    Add as Friend“Hand Hygiene in Healthcare

    by: Rogers

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    1 : This slide set “Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings-Supplemental” provides: Slides that may be used in conjunction with the “Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings-Core” slide set. Question and answer slides to be used in an interactive presentation. Slides containing information on topics related to hand hygiene (e.g., antimicrobial resistance). Slides that you can customize by inserting data specific to your hospital. The Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings-Supplemental slide set was developed in conjunction with the Chicago Antimicrobial Resistance Project [www.carp-net.org].
    2 : Ignaz Semmelweis, 1815-1865 1840’s: General Hospital of Vienna Divided into two clinics, alternating admissions every 24 hours: First Clinic: Doctors and medical students Second Clinic: Midwives
    3 : The Intervention: Hand scrub with chlorinated lime solution Hand hygiene basin at the Lying-In Women’s Hospital in Vienna, 1847.
    4 : Hand Hygiene: Not a New Concept Semmelweis’ Hand Hygiene Intervention ~ Hand antisepsis reduces the frequency of patient infections ~ Adapted from: Hosp Epidemiol Infect Control, 2nd Edition, 1999.
    5 : Colonized or Infected: What is the Difference? People who carry bacteria without evidence of infection (fever, increased white blood cell count) are colonized If an infection develops, it is usually from bacteria that colonize patients Bacteria that colonize patients can be transmitted from one patient to another by the hands of healthcare workers ~ Bacteria can be transmitted even if the patient is not infected ~
    6 : The Iceberg Effect
    7 : Recovery of VRE from Hands and Environmental Surfaces Up to 41% of healthcare worker’s hands sampled (after patient care and before hand hygiene) were positive for VRE1 VRE were recovered from a number of environmental surfaces in patient rooms VRE survived on a countertop for up to 7 days2 1 Hayden MK, Clin Infect Diseases 2000;31:1058-1065. 2 Noskin G, Infect Control and Hosp Epidemi 1995;16:577-581.
    8 : The Inanimate Environment Can Facilitate Transmission ~ Contaminated surfaces increase cross-transmission ~ Abstract: The Risk of Hand and Glove Contamination after Contact with a VRE (+) Patient Environment. Hayden M, ICAAC, 2001, Chicago, IL. X represents VRE culture positive sites
    9 : What is the single most important reason for healthcare workers to practice good hand hygiene? To remove visible soiling from hands To prevent transfer of bacteria from the home to the hospital To prevent transfer of bacteria from the hospital to the home To prevent infections that patients acquire in the hospital
    10 : What is the single most important reason for healthcare workers to practice good hand hygiene? To remove visible soiling from hands To prevent transfer of bacteria from the home to the hospital To prevent transfer of bacteria from the hospital to the home To prevent infections that patients acquire in the hospital
    11 : How often do you clean your hands after touching a PATIENT’S INTACT SKIN (for example, when measuring a pulse or blood pressure)? Always Often Sometimes Never
    12 : How often do you clean your hands after touching a PATIENT’S INTACT SKIN (for example, when measuring a pulse or blood pressure)? Always Often Sometimes Never
    13 : Estimate how often YOU clean your hands after touching a patient or a contaminated surface in the hospital? 25% 50% 75% 90% 100%
    14 : Now, estimate how often YOUR CO-WORKERS clean their hands after touching a patient or a contaminated surface in the hospital? 25% 50% 75% 90% 100%
    15 : Which method do you use to clean your hands at work? Plain soap and water Antimicrobial soap and water Alcohol-based handrub
    16 : Plain soap and water Antimicrobial soap and water Alcohol-based handrub Which hand hygiene method is best at killing bacteria?
    17 : Plain soap and water Antimicrobial soap and water Alcohol-based handrub Which hand hygiene method is best at killing bacteria?
    18 : Which of the following hand hygiene agents is LEAST drying to your skin? Plain soap and water Antimicrobial soap and water Alcohol-based handrub
    19 : Which of the following hand hygiene agents is LEAST drying to your skin?
    20 : It is acceptable for healthcare workers to supply their own lotions to relieve dryness of hands in the hospital. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    21 : It is acceptable for healthcare workers to supply their own lotions to relieve dryness of hands in the hospital. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    22 : How much time would an ICU nurse save during an 8 hour shift by using an alcohol-based handrub instead of soap and water? 15 minutes 30 minutes 1 hour 2.5 hours
    23 : How much time would an ICU nurse save during an 8 hour shift by using an alcohol-based handrub instead of soap and water? 15 minutes 30 minutes 1 hour 2.5 hours * Based on 12 opportunities/hour, handwashing time=60 seconds, alcohol-based handrub time=20 seconds
    24 : Healthcare-associated organisms are commonly resistant to alcohol. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    25 : Healthcare-associated organisms are commonly resistant to alcohol. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    26 : When a healthcare worker touches a patient who is COLONIZED, but not infected with resistant organisms (e.g., MRSA or VRE) the HCW’s hands are a source for spreading resistant organisms to other patients. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    27 : When a healthcare worker touches a patient who is COLONIZED, but not infected with resistant organisms (e.g., MRSA or VRE) the HCW’s hands are a source for spreading resistant organisms to other patients. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    28 : A co-worker who examines a patient with VRE, then borrows my pen without cleaning his/her hands is likely to contaminate my pen with VRE. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    29 : A co-worker who examines a patient with VRE, then borrows my pen without cleaning his/her hands is likely to contaminate my pen with VRE. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    30 : How often do you clean your hands after touching an ENVIRONMENTAL SURFACE near a patient (for example, a countertop or bedrail)? Always Often Sometimes Never
    31 : How often do you clean your hands after touching an ENVIRONMENTAL SURFACE near a patient (for example, a countertop or bedrail)?
    32 : Use of artificial nails by healthcare workers poses no risk to patients. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    33 : Use of artificial nails by healthcare workers poses no risk to patients. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    34 : Can a Fashion Statement Harm the Patient? ARTIFICIAL POLISHED NATURAL Edel et. al, Nursing Research 1998: 47;54-59 Avoid wearing artificial nails, keep natural nails <1/4 inch if caring for high risk patients (ICU, OR)
    35 : Glove use for all patient care contacts is a useful strategy for reducing risk of transmission of organisms. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    36 : Glove use for all patient care contacts is a useful strategy for reducing risk of transmission of organisms. Strongly agree Agree Don’t know Disagree Strongly disagree
    37 : At your hospital, what percentage of [insert organism name] isolates are resistant to [insert drug name]? <5% 15% 20% 30% >50%
    38 : Insert graph showing annual, monthly, or quarterly trend in antimicrobial (e.g. MRSA) prevalence, or number of isolates at Hospital X below
    39 : Insert facility-specific data on HCW hand hygiene adherence below SAMPLE
    40 : Hand Hygiene Options at Hospital X Insert photo of alcohol handrub from Hospital X ~ Use soap and water for visibly soiled hands ~ ~ Do not wash off alcohol handrub ~ Apply to palm; rub hands until dry Insert photo of liquid soap from Hospital X Wet hands, apply soap and rub for >15 seconds. Rinse, dry & turn off faucet with paper towel.
    41 : What is the Story on Moisturizers and Lotions? ONLY USE facility-approved and supplied lotions Because: Some lotions may make medicated soaps less effective Some lotions cause breakdown of latex gloves Lotions can become contaminated with bacteria if dispensers are refilled Insert photo of lotion from Hospital X ~ Do not refill lotion bottles ~
    42 :

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