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    A carbohydrate, but cannot be digested . Structural part of plants (stems o

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    1 : Carbohydrates Janet Tietyen, Ph.D., R.D., L.D. Author Revision by Jackie Walters, MBA, R.D., L.D. Jackie Walters, Presenter
    2 : Let’s talk carbohydrates! Three forms of carbohydrates Carbohydrates and health Carbohydrates and dental health
    3 : 3 Forms of carbohydrates Sugars Starches Fiber – provides bulk in diet and helps intestines work Binds cholesterol Helps control blood glucose Major sources of energy
    4 : Sugars Several forms of sugar, but glucose is the sugar in the blood and used for energy by cells Sucrose and lactose are examples of sugars in food Glucose is essential!
    5 : Sources of sugar Added to foods Cane Beet sugar, syrup, honey, molasses, and corn syrup Found in foods Fruits Vegetables Many grains (wheat and rye) Milk (lactose) Some people cannot digest lactose
    6 : How much sugar are we eating? 24% of average caloric intake comes from sugar 6% natural forms (fruits, vegetables, and dairy) 18% added sugar (beverages, baked items, candy) One cup of sugar = 770 calories
    7 : Starches Sources Many plants, especially “grain” foods Wheat, corn, rice, oats, rye and barley Grains are made into cereals, flour, pasta, and many bread products Starchy vegetables Potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, beans, and peas
    8 : Fiber A carbohydrate, but cannot be digested Structural part of plants (stems of celery, leaves of lettuce, and bran of wheat kernel)
    9 : Fiber Insoluble Fiber passes through the intestines intact. Soluble Fiber becomes viscous in water. This fiber binds cholesterol in the intestines and helps to regulate blood glucose.
    10 : Role of fiber in the diet Bulk to diet (gives feeling of fullness) Needed for normal functioning and health of digestive tract Helps to decrease cholesterol Helps to regulate blood glucose Protects against bowel disorders? Other functions?
    11 : Nutrition of carbohydrate foods 1 gram carbohydrate = 4 calories Fiber has 0 calories Sugar is an “empty-calorie” food Breads, cereals, fruits, and vegetables are better carbohydrate choices, because they also contribute vitamins and minerals
    12 : How much carbohydrate should I eat? 50-60% of daily calories should be from carbohydrates On a 2,000 calorie diet; 6 ounces from the bread group 2 ½ cups from the vegetable group 2 cups from the fruit group 3 cups from the milk group Sparingly from concentrated sweets
    13 : Carbohydrates & health Some people must monitor their carbohydrate intake Diabetes Hypoglycemia Lactose intolerance
    14 : Carbohydrates & dental health Table sugar (sucrose) is associated with the development of tooth decay Corn syrup, molasses, maple syrup, and white and brown sugar, sweet drinks, and gum Sucrose is especially damaging if eaten between meals and if sticky
    15 : Process of tooth decay Bacteria in mouth interact with sucrose in foods to produce acids Acids will eat away at teeth and cause decay
    16 : To avoid tooth decay Do not eat large amounts of sucrose between meals, especially sticky candy Brush and floss teeth often Chew sugar-free gum
    17 : Take home message Eat more starchy and fiber-rich foods Make half your grains whole 50-60% of calories should come from carbohydrates Avoid foods with large amounts of sucrose to prevent tooth decay
    18 :

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