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    by: Garima

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    2 : CONTENTS
    3 :
    4 : MEANING OF ANIMATION The word animation is generated from the word anime which means life. Animation is rapid display of a sequence of 2-D or 3-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement.
    5 : TRADITIONAL CEL ANIMATION/HAND DRAWN ANIMATION (20TH CENTURY) Photos of the drawings were first drawn on paper. Each drawing differs slightly from the other to create an illusion of movement. The drawings are traced or photocopied onto transparent acetate sheets called cels. The cels were then filled in with paints in assigned colors or tones on the side opposite the line drawings. The completed character cels are photographed one-by-one onto motion picture film against a painted background by a camera.
    6 : BEGINNING OF 21ST CENTURY The animators' drawings and the backgrounds are either scanned into or drawn directly into a computer system. Various software programs are used to color the drawings and simulate camera movement and effects. The final animated piece is output to one of several delivery media, including traditional 35mm film and newer media such as digital video.
    8 : Computer animation Computer animation encompasses a variety of techniques, the unifying factor being that the animation is created digitally on a computer.
    9 : 2D animation 2D animation figures are created and/or edited on the computer using 2D bitmap graphics or created and edited using 2D Vector graphics. 2D animation has many applications, including Flash animation and PowerPoint animation.
    10 : 3D animation Digitally modeled and manipulated by an animator. Toy Story (1995, USA) is the first feature-length film to be created and rendered entirely using 3D graphics. Other techniques can be applied such as mathematical functions, simulated fur or hair, fire/water effect and the use of Motion Capture. Many 3D animations are very believable and are commonly used as Visual Effects for recent movies.
    11 : Animator An animator is an artist who creates multiple images that give an illusion of movement called animation when displayed in rapid sequence; the images are called frames and key frames.
    12 : 2D animation techniques tend to focus on image manipulation. 3D techniques usually build virtual worlds in which characters and objects move and interact. 3D animation can create images that seem real to the viewer.
    13 : CONFUSION BETWEEN VIDEO AND ANIMATION An animation is an animated drawing, cartoon, etc. A video is a live recorded motion picture. Although video is often used to refer to any kind of audio/visual recording. In animation we are giving some effects to particular object, but in video we can’t. A video is recorded from actual footage where as an animation made digitally.
    14 : APPLICATIONS In Medical – Computer Animation is used for presenting result of biomechanical analysis and simulation. In Sports – Animation can be used in sports like athletes for improving performance. In Education – By using visual effects in education students can easy grasp and attract by the student. In Entertainment – Animation is used for creating cartoon or other visual effects like movies, video games for entertaining the user.
    16 : ADVANTAGES The animator has total control of animation. Interaction are automatically realistic. System with complex inter-relationship are possible. Capability of helping to keep the learned knowledge in mind. To visualize the event that can’t be catch by the camera.
    17 : DISADVANTAGES Difficult to specify large and dynamic images. It consumes a lot of memory space for storing data. Special software's are required to obtain and process the data. The real life performance may not be translate into the computer model.
    20 : THANKS

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