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    Add as FriendBASIC COMPUTER OPERATION

    by: Rogers

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    1 : BASIC COMPUTER OPERATION
    2 : OUTLINE Computer Hardware Operating systems Terms Disk capacities Viruses Applications and Documents Installation/reinstallation Internet Applications
    3 : Computer Hardware Case Power switch Reset switch Hard drive Floppy CD/DVD Serial ports Parallel port USB port Keyboard/mouse Network card Modem Sound card Video card RAM Motherboard Fan Cables
    4 : The basic system including keyboard, mouse and monitor.
    5 : What is in the box? Motherboard
    6 :
    7 : Typical parts of a motherboard. ABIT SE6
    8 : Cabling For items in or attached to a system to work properly they must be securely connected.
    9 : Operating systems All computer systems have an operating system. Currently, there are three dominate typical user operating systems. Macintosh OS, Microsoft Windows OS, Linux.
    10 : Terms A: Floppy disk C: Local disk D: Local disk (partition) RAM = Random Access Memory. The thinking space available to a computer to use while performing operations. The space is emptied out when the computer is turned off. DIRECTORY = An organizational structure on disks to file management easier. Directories also become a local region for the computer to hunt for other files related to the current file. DOCUMENT = A file created using an application. The file is only useful using the application that created it or a similar application that can convert it. APPLICATION = A program that allows a computer to perform a certain function.
    11 : Disk capacities Floppy: 1.4 MB Hard disk: 160 GB – 2 TB CD 700 - 800 MB DVD 4.7 GB 18 GB 1 KB = 1024 BYTE 1 MB = 1024 KB 1 GB = 1024 MB 1 TB = 1024 PB 1 PB = 1024 EB
    12 : CDs, DVDs Backup
    13 : Identify and use icons, windows, menus Point, click, double-click, drag & drop Minimize and maximize a window Use pull-down menus Select, open, and move an icon Select, open, move, and close a window Resize a window Scroll a window Activate and de-activate a window Start an application and create a document
    14 : Name, save, retrieve, revise a document Name a document (!) Save a document Retrieve a document from floppy disk Retrieve a document from hard disk Re-name a document Edit and re-save a document Print a document Create and name folders Save, open, and place documents inside folders
    15 : Applications Open and work with more than one application at a time To switch between them for Windows: click on the application at the "TASKBAR" down on the screen Alt &TAB button
    16 : Install/reinstall and update system software and drivers
    17 : Internet Applications BROWSERS Mozilla Internet Explorer http://www.vfu.bg http: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol edu: Education (gov, org, com, ...)
    18 : FTP (File Transfer Protocol) The simplest and most secure way to exchange files over the Internet. FTP Client is the software that is designed to transfer files back-and-forth between two computers over the Internet. It needs to be installed on the computer and can only be used with a live connection to the Internet. (Browsers, WS-Ftp, SSH, Cute-Ftp,...) PC ARF
    19 : Viruses Viruses are programs that reproduce themselves into the files of your computer Anti-virus software and automatic update Mcafee Virus Scan Configuration of Automatic Mcafee Virus Update via FTP http://www.math.metu.edu.tr/department/doc/virus/virus_update.html Current security patches applied to operating system and applications. Do not open any unexpected attachments that are e-mailed to you. (Particularly “.exe” files.)
    20 : REFERENCES Computer Fundamentals for Teachers , Major Competencies Basic Computer Operation and Troubleshooting

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