search
Login | Signup | Support
  • 0
  • ×

    Add as FriendCHAPTER 6 : Health and Wellness

    by: Rogers

    Current Rating : Rate It :

    2416

    Views

    Download
     
    1 : HEALTH AND WELLNESS Chapter 6 NUR 1020
    2 : HEALTH DEFINED “…A “STATE OF COMPLETE PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING, NOT MERELY THE ABSENCE OF DISEASE OR INFIRMITY.” WHO (1947)
    3 : Models of Health and Illness Theoretical way of understanding a concept or idea
    4 : Models Health Belief Model Three components Individual’s perception of susceptibility to illness Individual’s perception of seriousness of illness Likelihood that person will take preventive action
    5 : Health Promotion Model Defines health as a positive, dynamic state Describes multidimensional nature of persons as they interact within their environment Desired behavioral outcome is end point Result: improved health, enhanced functional ability, better quality of life
    6 : BASIC HUMAN NEEDS MODEL Provides a a basis for nursing clients of all ages in all health settings… ..certain human needs more basic than others; some needs must be met before other needs ALWAYS: emergent physiological need takes precedence over a higher-level need.
    7 : HOLISTIC HEALTH MODELS Considers emotional and spiritual well-being, as well as other dimensions of individual, as important aspects of physical wellness. Involves clients in their healing process
    8 : Variables that influence beliefs and practices Internal Developmental stage Intellectual background Perception of functioning Emotional factors Spiritual factors External Family practices Socioeconomic factors Cultural background
    9 : Health promotion “…the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health.”
    10 : Levels of preventive care Primary prevention Precedes disease or dysfunction AKA wellness activities Focus on maintaining or improving general health
    11 : Secondary prevention Directed at diagnosis and prompt intervention Reducing severity and enabling client to return to normal level of health ASAP
    12 : Tertiary prevention Minimizing effect of long-term disease or disability Aimed at preventing complications and deterioration Directed at rehabilitation
    13 : RISK FACTORS Genetic and physiological factors Age Environment Lifestyle GOAL: modify or eliminate
    14 : ILLNESS A STATE IN WHICH A PERSON’S PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, INTELLECTUAL, SOCIAL, DEVELOPMENTAL, OR SPIRITUAL FUNCTION IS DIMINISHED OR IMPAIRED COMPARED WITH PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE.
    15 : Illness: acute and chronic Acute Potentially life-threatening Short duration Severe Abrupt onset Chronic Potentially life-threatening Usually >6 months Similar to “disability”
    16 : CHRONIC ILLNESS “…A CHRONIC DISABLING DISEASE INTERFERES WITH ONGOING LIFE ADAPTATIONS BY MAKING THE PERFORMANCE OF ROUTINE TASKS MORE CHALLENGING.”
    17 : CHRONIC ILLNESS Nurse: provide client education Goal: reduce the occurrence of symptoms or improve tolerance of symptoms “Normalization”: client/family adapts to disease
    18 : ILLNESS BEHAVIOR Internal variables: Client perceptions Nature of illness Coping skills EXTERNAL VARIABLES: Visibility of symptoms Social group Culture & ethnic SocioEconomics
    19 : impact Behavioral and emotional changes Impact on body image Impact on self-concept Impact on family roles Impact on family dynamics

    Presentation Tags

    Copyright © 2018 www.slideworld.com. All rights reserved.