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    by: MALA SHEKHAR

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    1 : Commonwealth Games 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games 2010 Delhi
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    10 : Commonwealth games second major sporting event after Olympic games, these games are inspired by Olympic games. The history of CWG is very interesting, in the 18th century when British Empire ruled approx half of the world , one person named Reverend Astley Cooper (in 1891) proposed that their should be a grand sporting competition to bringing together the members of British Empire. He wrote an article in Times newspaper and suggesting  "Pan-Britannic-Pan-Anglican Contest and Festival every four years as a means of increasing the goodwill and good understanding of the British Empire".  After 20 years (in 1911) British Empire work on the suggestion of  Reverend Astley Cooper and arrange a festival called 'Festival of Empire' that was held in London to celebrate the coronation of King George V. In this festival some games are also organized, teams like  United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa and the  Australia taken part in events like  boxing, wrestling, swimming and athletics. Winner of these games was Canada.
    11 : After 'Festival games' which was held in 1911 no further development took place for 20 years. The first commonwealth games which known as 'British Empire Games' at the time, was hosted by Canada in 1930 in Hamilton. In the first CWG, 400 players from 11 countries took part. For cover the traveling cost of the visiting countries , the City of Hamilton provided $30,000. Teams such as  England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland,  Australia, New Zealand, Bermuda, British Guiana, Newfoundland , South Africa and Canada took part.  The events at this meeting comprised track and field athletics, swimming, rowing, boxing and wrestling, and lawn bowls.The Hamilton games (in 1930) get huge success and provide enough money to make then regular after every four year. From the period of   1930 to 1950 the Games were known as the British Empire Games  then the name was changed to the British Empire and Commonwealth Games until 1962. From 1966 to 1974 they had the title of British Commonwealth Games and from 1978 onwards they have been known as simply the Commonwealth Games.
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    14 : NEW DELHI: Helicopters with armed were today pressed into service to ensure a ground-to-air security cover at and around the Commonwealth Games Village and the competition here. Helicopters of Indian Army were seen hovering over the Games Village, which has a total build-up area of 63.5 hectare, at regular intervals. Official sources said the helicopters have been deployed to bolster the entire security mechanism with troops of Delhi Police, paramilitary forces and the National Security Guard commandos handling the responsibility on the land.  The government has also decided to deploy three Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for Games security to carry out surveillance and keep vigil at regular intervals. More than one lakh security personnel have been deployed for the Games including about 175 companies (17500 personnel) of paramilitary forces, 3000 commandos, 100 anti-sabotage teams, 200 dogs and 15 bomb disposal squads. 
    15 : About 150 personnel of the Delhi Police's Special Weapons and Tactics Team (SWAT) have been trained by the Indian Air Force and the NSG to shoot down suspicious manned or unmanned "flying objects". Seventy one countries and territories are participating in the event scheduled from October 3-14. Delhi Police and central security agencies are striving hard to ensure a smooth Games, which is being hosted by the country for the first time. The Games Village has been transformed into a fortress with over 1,000 security personnel, helped by a plethora of safety gadgets and armed commandos, guarding the premises on 24-hour basis. Along the routes at different corners of the city, Quick Reaction Team (QRT) vehicles were parked with gun totting personnel keeping a close eye on the movement of traffic. NSG snipers will also be positioned at different points at the venues and along the routes to thwart any sabotage attempt or probable terror attacks.
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    17 : Delhi will have a 4-layer security cordon for the Commonwealth Games to be held on October 3-14, 2010, covering all the venues, including the various sporting facilities and the Games Village. All the venues related to the Games will be protected by 4 layers of tight security – the outer, middle, inner and the exclusive levels. The elaborate and “impregnable” security plan includes patrolling, deployment of plainclothesmen, widespread anti-sabotage checks, quick-reaction teams, commando strike teams, snipers, and bomb-disposal squads. In all, 71 teams as well as dignitaries from 52 countries are expected to be present at the Delhi Commonwealth Games. In addition, there will be extensive aerial reconnaissance over the entire area, Neeraj Kumar, Special Commissioner of Police (Administration), New Delhi, told reporters while unveiling the elaborate and complex security arrangements for the mega-event. The outer ring will constitute monitoring of park-and-ride facilities, surveillance via closed-circuit television cameras (CCTVs), and access-control steps such as soft-checking of tickets. In the middle security cordon, both visitors and spectators will be “channelised” to designated seats at the venues concerned. The middle ring will have, apart from electronic surveillance, snipers positioned on rooftops.
    18 : In the inner cordon, tickets will be re-checked using barcode-screening and also by using photos of the spectators taken. Vehicles of the VIPs, visiting dignitaries, officials of the organizing committee and of the participants and their families will get checked through pre-allotted radio-frequency identification, under-vehicle scanners and licence-plate scanners. Boom barriers, road-blockers and tyre-killers will be put in place in order to prevent forcible entry into any of the venues. Any entry to the innermost level, or the exclusive zone, will be permitted only after a person is screened through manual frisking; door-frame detectors, metal detectors and hand-held detectors; X-ray baggage scanners; and closed-circuit television cameras. According to Special Commissioner of Police (Administration) Neeraj Kumar, the ‘holistic’ security plan is to be carried out in coordination with civic, medical, intelligence and security agencies. The elaborate security arrangements for the Delhi Commonwealth Games is to cover the Games Village, the 12 venues for sporting competitions, the 15 venues for standalone practice, over 50 standalone parking sites, the 9 hotels where the dignitaries stay, the central logistical centres located on the Mathura Road, the media centre at Pragati Maidan, besides the entire Delhi city in general. A hub named the Command, Control, Communication, Coordination and Integration Centre is being established at the Delhi Police Headquarters in order to ensure real-time coordination among the various monitoring and assisting agencies. And, these different agencies will stay interconnected via wireless sets, landline phones, mobile phones, hotlines, and the Tetra trunk system.
    19 : Expert teams to respond to improvised explosives devices (IEDs) as well as chemical, biological, nuclear and radiological explosives will be stationed at all key location in and around the sporting and residential facilities. From the skies, planes of the Indian Air Force (IAF) and helicopter-borne assault teams will guard all the facilities below. The police are taking every possible step to ensure fool-proof security for the Commonwealth Games, Neeraj Kumar said at the press briefing. All policemen will be issued what is called “non-cloneable” identity cards in order to prevent any impersonation. Neeraj Kumar said that, learning lessons from the terror attack on cricketers from Sri Lankan in Lahore, Pakistan, earlier in 2009, the Delhi police would be providing an exclusive lane, shielded by securitymen, for vehicles that carry the participants of the Games. All possible journey routes have already been identified, and alternative routes also have been planned as a measure of precaution. All residential complexes, hotels and parking lots in the entire area will be “sanitised” and closed one week before the Games kicks off. Hotel-related precautions include checking of the antecedents of all the hotel staff and checking of the food for the participants. All the participants will be escorted by armed commandos; vehicles carrying the athletes and officials will be subjected to anti-sabotage checks each morning; 
    20 : antecedents of all the drivers will be verified; and fuelling and parking will be only at designated places. The Union Cabinet has approved a proposal by the Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) for an Integrated Security System (ISS) for the Commonwealth Games. The ISS, costing Rs 370 crore, is to cover all venues used for competitions and training as well as the Games Village. The security system will be in place by March 31, 2010. Seven days before the Games starts, a crack team of commandos, the Special Operations Group (SOG), will take over the security of Indira Gandhi International (IGI) Airport in Delhi, where a large number of athletes, officials, dignitaries and spectators are to land. The SOG, which will be the first to react to any emergency at the airport, will stay in place 5 more days after the event is over. Meanwhile, Stephen Smith, Australia’s Minister for Foreign Affairs, who is on a visit to India, said in New Delhi that Australia had offered to share with India its experience in organising security for the Commonwealth Games. Melbourne, in Australia, had hosted the Commonwealth Games in 2006. Smith said that the government of Australia is satisfied with the security arrangements for the Delhi Games.
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    22 : What you will provided here will generalized information about Commonwealth Games 2010 that is to be held in India. Information that will help you to prepare yourself with all the required information about the event and when it happens. One of the biggest sports festivals of the world the Commonwealth Games 2010 will kick up on 3rd Oct 2010 and will continue up to 14th of that month. The detail schedule of the event along with its venue is given below.
    23 : Opening Ceremony - Oct 3, 2010 at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium Closing Ceremony - Oct 14, 2010 at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium.
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    25 : Past Commonwealth Games The Commonwealth Games took its root in 1930, Hamilton, Canada in the form of British Empire Games. Since its inception, the Game has travelled to many continents and cities.  In between these years number of participating nations, athletes as well as events have increased significantly. Started with single competition events the Commonwealth Games now includes many team events. The first game saw women athletes participated only in the swimming events. Now they are integral part having their presence in many events like athletics, aquatics, tennis, weightlifting etc.
    26 : 1930 British Empire Games - Hamilton, CanadaEleven nations sent 400 athletes to participate in six sports: athletics, boxing, lawn bowls, rowing, swimming and diving and wrestling. 1934 British Empire Games - London, England Sixteen nations sent 500 competitors to participate in six sports. India made its debut in London. A highlight of the 1934 Games was the inclusion of events for women in athletics. 1938 British Empire Games - Sydney, Australia Fifteen nations participated involving a total of 464 athletes and 43 officials. Seven sports were featured with inclusion of cycling for the first time. 1950 British Empire Games - Auckland, New Zealand After twelve years, British Empire Games returned in 1950. Twelve countries sent 590 athletes to participate in nine sports. 1954 British Empire & Commonwealth Games - Vancouver, Canada Some 24 countries sent a total of 662 athletes and 127 officials to the Games. There were nine sports on the programme. The event was televised live across the world for the first time. 1958 British Empire & Commonwealth Games - Cardiff, Wales Thirty-five nations sent a total of 1,122 athletes and 228 officials to the Cardiff Games. Nine sports were featured in these Games. 
    27 : 1962 British Empire & Commonwealth Games - Perth, Australia The VII Commonwealth Games are remembered for its “heat, dust and glory”, because of extremes hot condition persisted throughout the Games’ duration. Thirty-five countries sent a total of 863 athletes and 178 officials to Perth. Nine sports were featured at the Perth Games 1966 British Empire & Commonwealth Games - Kingston, JamaicaThirty-four nations competed in the Kingston Games sending a total of 1,316 athletes and officials. There were nine sports on the programme. 1970 British Commonwealth Games - Edinburgh, Scotland The IX Games 1970 in Edinburgh was remembered for introducing metric distances system for the first time at the Games. Forty-two nations sent a total of nearly 1,744 athletes and officials to compete in nine sports. 1974 British Commonwealth Games - Christchurch, New Zealand Nine sports were featured in these Games with 1,276 athletes from thirty-eight countries. 1978 Commonwealth Games - Edmonton, Canada Forty-six countries sent a total of 1,474 athletes and 504 officials to the Games. Ten sports were featured at the Edmonton Games including the newly added gymnastics. 1982 Commonwealth Games - Brisbane, Australia Forty-six nations participated in the Brisbane Games with 1,583 athletes and 571 officials. Ten sports featured at the Brisbane Games. 
    28 : 1986 Commonwealth Games - Edinburgh, Scotland This game was known as “the Boycott Games” because 32 Commonwealth nations decided that they could not attend, because of their opposition to apartheid in sports. Twenty-six nations did attend the Games and sent a total of 1,662 athletes and 461 officials to participate in ten sports. 1990 Commonwealth Games - Auckland, New Zealand Fifty-five nations participated in the Games sending 2,826 athletes and officials to participate in ten sports. 1994 Commonwealth Games - Victoria, Canada Sixty-three nations sent 2,557 athletes and 914 officials as the Commonwealth Games. Ten sports were featured at the Games. 1998 Commonwealth Games - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia For the first time the Commonwealth Games were held in Asia. It was also the first Game to feature team sports. Seventy countries sent a total of 5,065 athletes and officials to the Kuala Lumpur Games to participate in 15 sports. 2002 Commonwealth Games - Manchester, England It was the largest in the history of the Commonwealth Games in terms of participating nations with 72 countries taking part across 14 individual and 3 team sports consisting 3,679 athletes. For the first time in the Games history, a limited number of full medal events for elite athletes with a disability (EAD) were included. 
    29 : 2006 Commonwealth Games - Melbourne, Australia For the first time in the history of the Games, the Queen's Baton visited every single Commonwealth nation and territory taking part in the Games, a journey of 180,000 km. The sports on the programme were Aquatics (diving, swimming & synchronised swimming), Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Bowls, Boxing, Cycling, Gymnastics, Hockey, Netball, Rugby 7s, Shooting, Squash, Table Tennis, Triathlon and Weightlifting. There were approximately 5,766 athletes and team officials in attendance in Melbourne across 71 nations.
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    31 : Commonwealth of Nations is an organization of 53 countries across the globe. They were erstwhile British colonies. To improve the society and general well-being of the people is a major objective of the Commonwealth of Nations. This can be achieved through encouragement and assistance of education via sports development and physical recreation. To fulfill this there is a Commonwealth Games Federation that organizes a quadrennial sporting event among the member nations of the Commonwealth popularly known as Commonwealth Games. Almost all Commonwealth countries participates in this mega multi-sports events with full enthusiasm. There are currently 85 nations planning to field teams at the 2010 Commonwealth Games. This figure is the highest considering the past Commonwealth Games. This phenomenal increase in the number of participating nations has made this events the second biggest sporting event after Olympic Games. As we look back Commonwealth Games has started with participation of mere 11 nations and 400 athletes in 1930. In the last Commonwealth Games a total of 71 countries participated. Delhi is going to witness 8500 athletes from 85 countries. The list of countries is given below in alphabetical order.
    32 : Afghanistan Algeria Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Australia BahamasBahrainBhutanBangladeshBarbadosBelizeBermudaBotswanaBritish Virgin IslandsBruneiCameroonCanadaCayman IslandsChristmas IslandCook IslandsCyprusDominicaEngland EritreaFalkland IslandsFijiGambiaGhanaGibraltarGrenada GuernseyGuyanaIndiaIsraelIsle of ManJamaicaJerseyKenyaKiribatiLesothoMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMadagascarMaltaMauritiusMontserratMozambiqueNamibiaNauruNew ZealandNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorthern IrelandPalestinePakistanPapua New GuineaRodriguesRwandaSaint HelenaSaint Kitts and Nevis Saint LuciaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaScotlandSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSolomon IslandsSouth AfricaSri LankaSudanSwazilandTanzaniaTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaVanuatuWalesYemenZambia
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    34 : Commonwealth Games 2010 Closing Ceremony is to be held at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi, India on 14th October. The closing ceremony is to include certain events. Like the opening ceremony, the closing ceremony will also to be attended by celebrities from sports, flim and political fraternity. There will be some livelydance and music performance by Indian and foreign artists. This event will also consist of a small presentation on the next Game in 2014 in Glasgow, display of lightning and fireworks, presence and dance of celebrities and Commonwealth nation’s flag parade. The program was followed by a short promotional video of the next Commonwealth Games. During the 2010 Commonwealth Games Closing Ceremony, the Commonwealth Games Ceremonial Flag will be handed to Glasgow, which will be the next host city. In addition to this Delhi Government is going to organize big cultural events on the closing day. This cultural programme will comprise dance, music, folk and modern music, screening of films and puppet shows. Through this government will showcase Delhi's composite culture as well as the diversity of Indian culture.
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    37 : Bhupinder Chauhan (Broweni) City :- Faridabad Distt:- Haryana (INDIA) Ph-+91-9211511475 browen_info@yahoo.com
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