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    Add as FriendCOMMUNAL HARMONY

    by: vaibhav.sharma067

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    1 : COMMUNAL HARMONY
    2 : INTRODUCTION Harmony in a nation refers to the peace and brotherhood among its citizens. For developing a soulful music it is necessary that all the music instruments work in a coordinated manner. Similarly, for working of a nation it is necessary that its entire citizen live in harmony and brotherhood. Harmony can also be described as a reaction which produces several noble by products such as unity, humanity, love and affection. Our country follows the GANDHIAN principles and spreads the message of fraternity. Though India is a widely diverse nation, but it’s like a dream come true when we see a sense of brotherhood among its citizens. It is due to communal harmony that in recent years India has dominated on the social and economical front. Even though our constitution provides a full-proof base to have a strong building of communal harmony but our country is still facing difficulties to maintain it.
    3 : India is the largest democracy of the world. History of democracy in India goes to the remote past. This system of governance is in fact quite suitable and conducive to the nature of inhabitants of this country. Not only had this, for the unity of India, particularly in the achievement of political unity of the country, democracy played the vital role. Despite numerous glitches and expected evils, democracy largely contributes to strengthening communal harmony in India. In other words, it emerges as a strong force for maintaining the solidarity of the nation. However, the need of the hour is to make democracy the centre and basis of belief for the maximum possible number of people, all religious-community, sects and sub-sects. Besides ascertaining the stability of the country, it can also contribute making India as a leading force of the world in these days of increasing process of globalization.
    4 : The biggest boulder on the road of communal harmony is religion. Now the question arises: What is religion? Religion is a set of noble ideas which shows the correct path to its followers so that their birth on this Earth doesn't go waste. Every religion propagates the moral of fraternity, peace and harmony, but the followers of the religion has failed to interpret the correct meaning of these ideas. People feel that their religion is superior than the religions which has created barriers among the followers of different religion. It is sad to see that now religion has also been divided into fragments called CASTE. It is said that" THE SMALLER THE THING IS, BIGGER THE PROBLEM IT CREATES." Similarly, caste being a small fragment is now-a-days creating much bigger problems in our society. Every day we see the newspapers filled with the news of curfew, massacre and disputes because - a single person of some other caste or religion said something that panicked the other religion or caste.
    5 : MAINTAINENCE OF COMMUNAL HARMONY The maintenance of communal harmony, and The prevention/avoidance of communal disturbances/riots and, in the event of any such disturbances occurring, action to control the same and measures to provide protection and relief to the affected persons, is a prime responsibility of the State Governments.
    6 : 1. Preventing a communal riot is far more important than containing it. In this context, the District Administration should carefully assess the communal situation in the District on a regular basis and prepare a profile of the District. They should identify and specify areas which are prone to communal sensitivities and tensions, inter alia, in the light of : (a) the demographic profile; (b) the existence of any structures, monuments, etc., around which there may be existing or potential disputes/controversies; (c) any other disputes over land or any other issues which may have a potential for generating communal disputes/tensions; (d) routes of processions, etc., which may have led to disputes or tensions in the past, or have such potential in future; (e) the history of past disputes, clashes and riots, (f) and, history of religious conversions/reconversions, etc. Based on these, and any other relevant factors, specific areas should be identified as sensitive/hypersensitive and, the position in this regard should be periodically reviewed and updated. PREVENTIVE MEASURES
    7 : 2. Details as above should also be systematically maintained at each Police station concerned. The Station House Officers and other senior officials at the police station level should keep A close watch on the situation in such areas, apart from periodically visiting them for promoting public contact and interface with the civilian population and community leaders.
    8 : 3. Communally sensitive places should be identified in the riot-prone areas for making necessary administrative arrangements. Police Stations/Posts should be set up in all sensitive/trouble-prone areas. Manpower requirements for these areas should be realistically assessed. It should be ensured that all vacancies are filled up and manned. They should be provided with adequate personnel, weaponry, communication links, equipment for videography, vehicles etc. and these should be constantly reviewed.
    9 : 4. With reference to the sensitive/hyper-sensitive areas as mentioned above, the District Administration should anticipate possible developments that can happen on certain occasions, or in different kinds of situations, and prepare detailed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), and contingency plans to deal with them, so that escalated situation/riots, etc., could be pre empted/prevented.
    10 : 5. Special attention needs to be given to developing mechanisms for intelligence and information gathering, and suitably integrating them with the response mechanism. The intelligence feed back, especially from the ground level, should be effectively made use of by the administration. The district administration also needs to develop independent sources of intelligence as such sources will have higher credibility. This could be done by developing contacts and sources among the community, substantial activation of the traditional ‘beat constable’ system, and posting of intelligence personnel in the hyper-sensitive/sensitive areas/police stations. Such persons should be properly trained and briefed and, if necessary, suitable incentives could be given to them.
    11 : 6. A weekly/fortnightly intelligence/situation report should be sent to the sub-divisional/district level by each police station in hypersensitive/ sensitive areas, and the situation should be reviewed on a monthly basis at the level of District Magistrate and Superintendent of Police. During such reviews, compliance with the guidelines mentioned above should be specifically seen. In addition, this should also be done during inspections of the Police Stations and sub-divisional offices.
    12 : 7. Senior Police and Administration officers at the District and other levels should visit the communally sensitive areas from time to time, even during periods of normalcy, and interact with the responsible community leaders with a view to developing a rapport with them.
    13 : 8. Activities of organizations with avowed goals that could undermine communal harmony should be continuously kept under careful watch and scrutiny, and a record of the activities maintained. If any such organizations are found to be indulging in any unlawful activity as defined in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, action to declare them as Unlawful Associations under the Act and other consequential action should be taken. District/Police Station level monitoring of these organizations should be carried out at periodic intervals.
    14 : ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURES 1. At the State level meetings of the State level Integration Committee, under the Chairmanship of the Chief Minister, may be held at least once in a quarter to review the communal situation in the State.
    15 : 2. At the level of the State Government, a nodal cell may be set up to act as a clearing house of information on the communal situation and matters related thereto. It may maintain a database on various communal incidents, including details about the damage caused, lists of cases registered and progress of prosecution, etc. It could also study the patterns of communal disturbances in the State with a view to preparing appropriate preventive plans. In addition, it could coordinate with other departments/agencies on issues relating to compensation, relief and rehabilitation, etc.
    16 : 1. The composition of the police force, especially those deployed in communally sensitive areas, should be representative of the social structure of the region so as to ensure its credibility, and help in creating a feeling of confidence among all sections of the people. 2. In communally sensitive and riot prone areas police and administrative officials of proven integrity, efficiency, impartiality and non-partisan outlook should be posted. PERSONAL POLICY
    17 : In a communally-sensitive area, small shopkeepers, entrepreneurs and daily-wagers are most prone to loss and damage to life and property, if the situation goes out of control, leading to arson or violence. They are most likely to face economic burden, due to loss of income or property, most of which is not covered under any type of insurance. They can thus be the most willing partners in maintaining peace and communal harmony in the area. Similarly, women who are the worst sufferers in such situations may also be keen to ensure communal harmony. The district administration can tap the resources and energy of these people/groups in ensuring peace. PARTICIPATION BY STAKEHOLDERS
    18 : PRESS/MEDIA AND AWARENESS BUILDING Promoting the cause of communal harmony and peace should be a constant Endeavour of the administration. For this, a multi-media publicity and promotion campaign needs to be conducted, on a continuing basis, from time to time.
    19 : Whenever any communal incidents are apprehended or occur, prompt and immediate preventive/enforcement action may be taken, including, imposition of prohibitory orders/ curfew, as necessary, and strict and neutral enforcement of the same, apprehension /arrest of the potential miscreants/ those indulging in violence, arson, etc., registration/institution of cases. ENFORCEMENT ACTION
    20 : 1. A lot of resentment is generated on account of non-payment of timely relief/ex-gratia to the riot victims. A system of expeditious disbursement of the relief should, therefore, be devised. Interim relief may be provided immediately to the individuals for any loss or damage suffered due to communal violence. RELIEF AND REHABILITATION
    21 : 2. While providing assistance and relief to the victims of communal violence, it should be ensured that there is no discrimination on the ground of sex, caste, community, descent or religion.
    22 : 3. The district administration should ensure timely provision of essential supplies/services such as food, milk, medicines, water and electricity, etc., in areas affected by communal violence. 4. Wherever it becomes necessary to set up relief camps, proper arrangements for security and other appropriate amenities should be made, including arrangements for medical examination/ assistance, etc.
    23 : 5. Wherever required, on account of damage to residential and commercial property, an appropriate mechanism may be established for speedy disposal of insurance claim and assistance from financial institutions by way of loans/ rescheduling of loans, etc.
    24 : 6. The Central Government has launched a Central Scheme for assistance to victims of terrorist and communal violence, where under there is provision for one time payment of Rs.3 lakh to the affected families in addition to any ex-gratia relief that may be provided. Proper arrangements for implementation of the scheme may be ensured.
    25 : NECESSITY  India is the largest democracy of the world .This system of governance is in fact quite suitable and conducive to the nature of inhabitants of this country. Not only this, for the unity of India, particularly in the achievement of political unity of the country, democracy played the vital role. Despite numerous glitches and expected evils, democracy largely contributes to strengthening communal harmony in India. However, the need of the hour is to make democracy the centre and basis of belief for the maximum possible number of people, all religious-community, sects and sub-sects. Besides ascertaining the stability of the country, it can also contribute making India as a leading force of the world in these days of increasing process of globalization. Therefore, increasing communal harmony is essential for India; there is no other alternative to it.
    26 : THANK YOU A PRESENTATION BY - VAIBHAV SHARMA X A

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