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    by: Rogers

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    1 : EUROPE
    2 : Background Video Culture and Religion Economic and Social Issues Politics and Government Overview
    3 : Background Video
    4 : Europe is comprised of a mosaic of cultural groups sharing a long history of interaction Roman Empire Napoleon History of violence Two World Wars Cold War Ethnic/religious conflicts Leads to shared perspectives… Culture and Religion
    5 : The interconnectedness of shared perspectives leads to overarching traditions, values, and social perspectives common to Europeans: Social welfare system Vacation and leisure Education Culture and Religion
    6 : One example of a social welfare program is UK’s National Health Service Free or low cost medical care Medical staff fear they are becoming civil servants Waiting list for care…so while everyone has access to care, there can be LONG delays For better service, those who can afford it often choose to “go private” Culture and Religion
    7 : Generous social welfare system Governments should look after society and provide extensive network of social welfare public services Most countries significantly assist in reducing individual health care costs Unfortunately, has led to extremely high taxes Culture and Religion
    8 : Vacation and leisure Relaxation and enjoyment highly valued This value is reflected in amount of vacation time taken by workers Social life—dancing, celebrating, lounging—very important to daily life Culture and Religion
    9 : Education Historical legacy with nearly 2,500 years of formal education Home to some of the world’s oldest universities Literacy +90% Many pursue higher education Nearly all European countries require students to be multi-lingual Culture and Religion
    10 : Many countries have one dominant ethnic group (e.g., Swedes in Sweden) But most countries also have at least one minority group Basques in Spain Kurds in Turkey Roma (Gypsies) Not all ethnic groups have blended peacefully (e.g., the Balkans)… Culture and Religion
    11 : Integration of immigrants into the overall European society has been a growing concern Fall of Communism Rise of EU and open borders Can promote cross-cultural interaction May offset negative population growth Culture and Religion
    12 : Culture and Religion 60+ languages, most of which fall into one of three categories: Romance Germanic Slavic Many are multi- lingual and English is a common “go-between” language
    13 : Europe is home to a variety of religions Although immigrants have introduced Hinduism and Buddhism to Europe, the three dominant religions are: Christianity Judaism Islam Culture and Religion
    14 : Christianity Europe’s dominant religion, and most European Christians are: Roman Catholic Protestant Eastern Orthodox Provided spiritual meaning and played key role in the formation of European culture and rise of democracy in Europe Culture and Religion
    15 : Judaism Practiced since Roman times Some of the greatest Jewish philosophers were European Pre-WW2, significant Jewish communities throughout Europe…but majority of Jewish population killed by Nazis Small communities still exist in urban areas around Europe Culture and Religion
    16 : Islam Practiced since the eighth century Fueled recently by immigration from Africa and Middle East Fastest growing religion in Europe today Culture and Religion
    17 : Communist legacy Communist-era economic policies were difficult to dismantle Restricted basic freedoms Significantly poor economies Rampant corruption Economic & Social Issues
    18 : Communist legacy: Lack of incentives…workers guaranteed jobs, so no reason to excel and workers did no more than what was required Absence of free-market system…State ran banks and manufacturers Decaying infrastructure…transportation and communication systems tended to be poorly maintained Economic & Social Issues
    19 : European Union Foundation dates to post-WWII as many countries sought economic integration Two critical initiatives that boosted the formation of the EU: Single European Act (1987) Maastricht Treaty (1993) Economic & Social Issues
    20 : Single European Act 1987 Expanded powers of the EC’s parliamentary body Promotes economic integration and political unity Maastricht Treaty 1993 Blueprint for political, economic, and monetary unity among EU members Included plans to create a standard European currency (Euro) Economic & Social Issues
    21 : Since fall of the Soviet Union, Europe has remained largely steady on the path toward greater continental integration EU growth: 10 new members added to EU in 2004 2 more in 2007…2 more in talks! Coincides with NATO expansion Politics and Government
    22 : NATO Created in 1949, reflected commitment to protect common values Sought to provide collective defense against expanding Soviet influence Post-Cold War, struggling to redefine itself International Security Assistance Force Joint US-European law enforcement efforts Decisions remain consensus based Politics and Government
    23 : Even with NATO, the EU has committed to creating European “battle groups” 22 of the EU’s 27 nations will supply troops on a rotating basis Unlike NATO, the US will have no say in the employment or operations of the new EU battle groups Politics and Government
    24 : Background Video Culture and Religion Economic and Social Issues Politics and Government Summary
    25 : QUESTIONS?
    26 : Student Presentations

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