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    Add as FriendElements of painting, printmaking, photography, graphics art

    by: Rogers

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    1 : Elements of painting, printmaking, photography, graphics art Or how we talk about images on a flat surface
    2 : What is it?A two-dimensional object Rejects representation Does not try to represent the “real” Iconic – symbol of the real Techniques to unveil the process Accepts representation Tries to imitate the “real” Tries to be three-dimensional Techniques to fool the eye
    3 : How is it done? How the elements are used And put together describe the composition of the piece
    4 : Elements of painting/design 1. Line 2. Form 3. Color 4. Space 5. Texture
    5 : Use of basic elements in composition 1. Repetition 2. Balance 3. Unity 4. Focal area 5. Perspective 6. Chiaroscuro 7. Dynamics
    6 : The composition of a piece helps us construct meaning in and for the artwork.
    7 : Line Real line – actual line on the surface Implied line – suggested line through color, shape, boundaries of objects Painterly line – more implied than real Linear – more actual line than implied Line is used to control our eye, create unity and balance, help construct meaning
    8 : Form Shape of object (as a result of the use of line) Shape of parts of composition Triangle, square, circle, and so on
    9 : Color Hue – pure color (red, blue,….) Value – amount of black or white in color Intensity – degree of purity of color
    10 : Space Illusion of three dimensions
    11 : Texture Implied – suggested roughness or smoothness of objects in the composition Real – what it would feel like if you touched it
    12 : How those elements are used to create the image….
    13 : Repetition The repetition of line, color, shapes Repeat the element in a consistent pattern Repeat the element in a variation of the pattern Juxtapose elements in a pattern
    14 : Balance Symmetrical Bilateral if divided the same on both sides Asymmetrical Placement of unlike terms
    15 : Unity Completeness within the frame (closed composition) Incomplete; viewer’s attention drawn outside the composition (open composition) Use of color, line, shape to pull the objects together
    16 : Focal Area Where one’s attention is drawn Can have more than one focal area
    17 : Perspective Making a two-dimensional object into the illusion of three-dimensional Linear (1-point) perspective Converging line to achieve the sense of distance Aerial perspective Color, detail, size to create sense of distance
    18 : Chiaroscuro Contrasts of light and dark
    19 : Dynamics How lively or stable/stolid does the picture seem?
    20 : Subject matter Continuum From real (representation) to nonobjective (iconic)
    21 : Our knowledge of the history of the use of elements also contributes to the meaning of the object.

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