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    GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT PATTERN OF CITY KANPUR

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    1 : GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT PATTERN OF CITY KANPUR MR. AMBER ANAND REGD-2080200003
    2 : KANPUR:IN BRIEF Kanpur spelled as Cawnpore before 1948. Ninth most populous city in India and the largest within the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the second largest city of the Hindi speaking belt after Delhi. Owing to the city's industrial importance. Having  globally recognized institutions such as IIT Kanpur, Harcourt Butler Technological Institute (HBTI) and GSVM Medical College. 
    3 : The status of the city was upgraded when it was included in the "Counter Magnets" of National Capital Region(NCR). It is administratively divided into 6 zones and 110 wards Biggest producers of Textile and Leather products and textile industry, the fertilizer, chemicals, two wheelers, soaps, Pan Masala, hosiery and engineering industries. After 1857 it became an important centre of leather and textile industries. The city has Asia's biggest (area wise) zoological garden.
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    5 : Location It is situated on the southern bank of Ganga River. Situated on the most important national highways no. 2 & 25 and Delhi-Howrah railway trunk line.
    6 : ABOUT THE PAST In 1801, it came under the control of the Britisher’s. In 1803 Kanpur became a district and also an important military station of the country. Became an important centre during the great revolt of 1857. Also made significant contribution in the literature and fine arts. Industrialization reached the city in 1858. First major Industry, the Harness and Saddlery, was established in 1860. Victoria Mills were set up in 1864. Second thermal power station was built at Panki in 1966.
    7 : Become knowledge centre was in the mid 19th century when Christ Church College, the oldest educational institution in the city.
    8 : EVOLUTION OF KANPUR During British era, Kanpur was of strategic importance due to the important role which it has played during the great revolt of 1857. This led to the development of a large cantonment base at Kanpur. Kanpur continued to be an important city and large public sector companies made their existence in the city.
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    10 : KANPUR MUNICIPAL CARPORATION Kanpur municipality came into existence on 22nd November 1861. Became a municipal corporation in 1959. Corporation is administered under the Uttar Pradesh Municipal Corporation Adhiniyam, 1959. Now know as KANPUR NAGAR NIGAM.
    11 : DEMOGRAPHY Ninth most populous city in India and the largest within the state of Uttar Pradesh. Registered an increase of over five times from 1,97,170 in 1901 to 8,83,815 in 1961 in the course of six decades. Due to its most central location in the state. Due Its fertile agricultural hinterland of the Upper Ganga Valley and Bundelkhand plateau, the available developed links of transportation. Due to the industrial scenario.
    12 : POLULATION CHANGE YEAR WISE POPULATION CHANGE
    13 : POPULATION TREND
    14 : POPULATION DENSITY Population density is 9756 per square kilometre. LITERACY
    15 : ECONOMY KANPUR CITY IS SURVIVING BECAUSE OF THE FOLLOWING: Defence Establishments like OEF, SAF and Ordinance Factory etc. Biggest producer of textile and leather products The private sector has also set up large units such as factories of the JK Industries group, Lohia machines, Duncans, etc. Coaching industry for I.I.T, JEE, IAS/IPS etc. Trading Activities
    16 : LANDUSE Land use of Kanpur city (1961-1998)
    17 : Land use of Kanpur (2021)
    18 : HOUSING Total no. of household 337,150( 2001 census). Out of total household:- 45% are belong to BPL and EWS 21 % are belong to LIG 18% are belong to MIG And 16% are belong to HIG Housing demand projection (2001-2013)
    19 : PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE WATER SUPPLY Best source of water supply is river Ganga and relatively flat alluvial plain. Capital work carried out by UP JAL NIGAM(UPJN) Operation and maintenance is carried by KANPUR JAL SANSTHAN(KJS). Ganga river and pandu river are the main source of water supply.
    20 : SEWERAGE SYSTEM Sewerage network established in 1904. In 1952 kanpur development board implemented the sewerage system for population 9.5 lacks. Total length-949 km. Only 60% town is covered by sewerage system. Now underground sewerage network is covering 15 lakhs population. There are 3 treatment plant near jajmau. Storm water drainage is covering 20km from bithoor to jajmau and catchment area is 1985 hectares.
    21 : STATUS OF POVERTY IN KANPUR More than twenty percent of the population stays in areas marred and with unhygienic living condition. Growth of housing stock is not able to keep pace with the population growth. SLUMS IN KANPUR Total no. of slums 390 and slums population 3.68 lacks that means 14 % of total population.( census 2001)
    22 : Only 1,50,432 (35.8%) people are literate and 2,69,427 (64%) are illiterate. EMPLOYMENT Level of employment in slum
    23 : HOUSING Housing at slum WATER SUPPLY AND ELECTRYCITY About 40 percent have electricity whereas others use either kerosene, wood etc.
    24 : THANK YOU

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