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    1 : Healthy Lifestyles for People with Disabilities Making Opportunities for Healthy Lifestyles
    2 : Willi Horner-Johnson, PhD Angela Weaver, M.Ed Oregon Office on Disability and Health Center on Community Accessibility OIDD / OHSU Presented by:
    3 : Healthy Lifestyles Curriculum History 1998, the Administration on Developmental Disabilities funded the “Healthy Lifestyles Project: Making Opportunities for Healthy Lifestyles” as a Project of National Significance
    4 : Healthy Lifestyles Curriculum Development Curriculum developed by: Team of professionals with disabilities from the Oregon Institute on Disability & Development (OIDD) of OHSU Oregonians with disabilities Oregon
    5 : Healthy Lifestyles Curriculum Development Input from Oregonians with disabilities Utilized focus groups throughout Oregon Specific culturally diverse populations Specific disability populations Pilot tested 6 workshops in different communities in Oregon Finalized curriculum and marketing video Participatory Action Research (PAR) Principles
    6 : Continuation of the Healthy Lifestyles Project In 2001, additional funds from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) allowed the curriculum to be expanded in Oregon by the Oregon Office on Disability and Health (OODH) In 2002, the United States Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) provided OODH a 3-year grant to evaluate the efficacy of the curriculum
    7 : Healthy Lifestyles – Goals Major Underlying Goals: 1) Increase self-awareness 2) Increase self-acceptance 3) Increase knowledge 4) Increase self-determination and self-efficacy
    8 : Healthy Lifestyles - Goals Increase self-awareness/acceptance: Disability does not equal unhealthy Mind/body connection Assess current life situation Identify one’s needs, strengths and areas of improvement Self-define a healthy lifestyle
    9 : Healthy Lifestyles - Goals Increase knowledge: Basic health information Disability and health information Identifying and reducing secondary conditions Tools and strategies Interactive - dialog and sharing Experiential learning Philosophical Principles
    10 : Healthy Lifestyles - Goals Increase self-determination and self-efficacy: Identify individual health-related behaviors to improve Make positive changes Create a support network Develop advocacy skills
    11 : HL Curriculum Contents Scripted facilitator’s manual Participant handouts Appendices Resources Tools/tips CD with power points/notes
    12 : Two components to Healthy Lifestyles Workshop and Follow up support groups
    13 : HL Workshop Implementation 3 consecutive days Hosted by a Center for Independent Living (CIL) Peer facilitated – past Healthy Lifestyles participants and/or CIL staff (& OODH staff) Interactive - group activities Experiential - yoga, NIA, massage Catered with healthy food Cross-disability 10 – 20 participants (average 15)
    14 : HL Support Groups Implementation Support Groups: Monthly for 6 months / 2 hours Healthy snacks Guest speakers (identified topics) Share successes, resources and motivational strategies Discuss barriers and ways to overcome them Change or create new goals Build community among participants
    16 : Exploring the 5 areas of the Healthy Lifestyles Wheel HL Wheel – the mind/body connection Behaviors or choices influence health All aspects of health are interconnected Provide knowledge and activities which encourage participants to explore their individual: Needs Strengths Interests Barriers – physical, social and attitudinal (external and internal) What do I need to change in each of the five areas to live a healthier life?
    17 : Workshop Content Session 1: What is a Healthy Lifestyle?: Begin self discovery, get to know oneself, each other and introduction to the Healthy Lifestyles (HL) wheel Session 2: Knowing Who You Are: Learn about living by one’s values Session 3: Knowing What You Need: Explore the other four components of the HL Wheel Session 4: Making It Happen: Participate in the goal-making process
    18 : Session 1: What is a Healthy Lifestyle? Healthy Lifestyles Wheel Who Am I? Who Are You?
    19 : Session 2: Knowing Who You Are Living your values and spiritual health Values guide our lives Hope Motivation Help us reach our goals As a person with a disability… How do I stay healthy? What are my needs?
    20 : Session 3: Knowing What You Need Staying Active Benefits of staying active/moving Try non-impact aerobics Emotional Health Managing stress, self-acceptance and feelings Try yoga
    21 :
    22 : Session 3: Knowing What You Need Eating Right New MyPyramid Reading food labels Balanced meal game Try healthy meals and snacks Preventing Illness How to stay healthy – signs of illness Doctor visits Communication tips Tools and strategies Preventative screenings and immunizations
    23 : Session 3: Knowing What You Need Social Health Relationships Developing friendships Long-term or intimate relationships Health Through Meaningful Activities Employment Volunteer Hobbies
    24 : Session 4: Making It Happen Dreams Where do you see yourself in one year? Healthy Lifestyles Goals 2 or 3 SMART goals Creating a Game Plan Steps to reach the goal Resource List Supports and strategies Collage Motivational = Dreams come true!
    25 : Collage
    26 : HL Budget $3,000 contract to the CIL Recruitment Workshop/support group facilitation Contractors NIA, yoga, massage Food Materials
    27 : Healthy Lifestyles Evaluation Project Design Pre/post/follow-up with wait-list control group Participants were randomly assigned to: Intervention group Wait-list control group Intervention group + wait-list group = one cohort
    28 : Procedure After each cohort completed baseline measures, the intervention group attended the workshop while the wait-list group served as a control. Three months later, after assessment data were collected from both groups, the wait-list group then attended the workshop. Follow-up data were collected from both groups every 3 months. Procedure was repeated for 5 cohorts
    29 : Procedure 3rd Month (T2)
    30 : Participants 95 adults with self-reported disabilities living in Oregon and Southwest Washington Intervention condition (n=47) Wait-list condition (n=48) Age range: 19-93 years
    31 : Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II: Outcome Measure Walker, Sechrist, & Pender, 1995 Validated tool previously used with people with disabilities 52 items about frequency of practicing various health-related activities (never, sometimes, often, routinely) Six subscales: health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management
    32 : Analysis Combined data from all intervention groups and all wait-list groups Compared average health behavior scores across time within each experimental condition (intervention vs. wait-list) Used repeated measures ANOVA
    33 : Results: Total Scores Intervention condition: significant improvement between baseline and 3 months after the workshop Wait-list condition: no significant change during the same time period After receiving the workshop, scores in wait-list condition increased significantly All groups’ post-workshop scores stayed high through the follow-up measurements
    34 : Total HPLP II Scores
    35 : Subscale Scores Subscale scores showed improvement patterns similar to those for the total HPLP.
    36 : Health Responsibility
    37 : Physical Activity
    38 : Nutrition
    39 : Summary of Research Findings Health behaviors improved significantly after participating in a Healthy Lifestyles workshop Participants who had not yet attended the workshop did not show similar improvements Effect sizes were moderate for total HPLP II improvements and small to moderate for individual subscales
    40 : Additional Data Continuing data collection without control group comparison Currently have pre-post workshop data from 125 participants 6-month follow-up data have been collected for 105 people in this group Living Well evaluation form data from 60 people (baseline and 6-months)
    41 : Pre/post data Significant increases in health behaviors Total HPLP: F = 38.55 p < 0.001 Health Responsibility: F = 19.50 p < 0.001 Physical Activity: F = 27.41 p < 0.001 Nutrition: F = 11.87 p = 0.001 Spiritual Growth: F = 26.20 p < 0.001 Interpersonal Relations: F = 15.00 p < 0.001 Stress Management: F = 28.50 p < 0.001
    42 : Pre/post/follow-up data Significant increases in total HPLP II scores and all HPLP II subscales Improvements maintained at 6-months post-workshop
    43 : Total HPLP and Subscale Scores
    44 : Secondary Conditions and HRQOL Significant decrease in circulatory problems (p = 0.03) Trend toward decrease in access problems (p = 0.08) Significant decrease in days worried, tense, or anxious (p = 0.03) Trend toward decrease in days pain limited usual activities (p = 0.07)
    45 : Training New HL Trainers 3 day training In person Experiential Facilitation instruction Cost $2,000 fee Travel expenses Cost of materials Food
    46 : For more information on Healthy Lifestyles, contact: Angela Weaver, M.Ed Oregon Office on Disability and Health Oregon Health & Science University PO BOX 574 Portland, OR 97207-0574 Email: Phone: 503-494-1205 Web: Contact Information:

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