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    Add as FriendIndian Rubber Industry

    by: jithin

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    2 : Introduction
    4 : Rubber Manufacuring process JB
    5 : Status in Kerala According to a report in “The Hindu” on the 8th of March 2010; Production of natural rubber in the country is keeping an uptrend of an average four per cent with the cultivation base and the productivity increasing, especially in Kerala which accounts for 80 per cent of the country's total output. India's total output was 8.65 lakh tonnes in 2008-09, marking a 4.74 per cent growth from the previous year. In 2008-09, rubber was cultivated in Kerala in 5.17 lakh hectares, higher by 5,430 hectares over the previous year. The State produced 7.83 lakh tonnes of rubber during the year, marking an increase of 4.03 per cent. The State has been maintaining the uptrend in productivity from 1,190 kg per hectare in 1998-99 to 1,514 kg per hectare in 2008-09. The increase in domestic production helped reduce the import of rubber into the country, the review said. JB
    6 : Present Status in India With around 6000 unit comprising 30 large scale, 300 medium scale and around 5600 SSI/tiny sector units, manufacturing 35000 rubber products, employing 400 hundred thousand people, including around 22000 technically qualified support personnel, with a turnover of Rs.200 billions and contributing Rs.40 billions to the National Exchequer through taxes, duties and other levies, the Indian Rubber Industry plays a core sector role in the Indian national economy. The industry has certain distinct advantages like: An extensive plantation sector Indigenous availability of the basic raw materials, like natural rubber, synthetic rubber, reclaim rubber, carbon black, rubber chemicals, fatty acids, rayon and nylon yarn and so on. A large domestic market. Availability of cheap labor. Training facility in various technical institutes. On-going economic reforms. Improved living standards of the masses. JB
    7 : India and the world India is the third largest producer, fourth largest consumer of natural rubber and fifth largest consumer of natural rubber and synthetic rubber together in the world. India is the world's largest manufacturer of reclaim rubber. In fact, India and China are the only two countries in the world which have the capacity to consume the entire indigenous production of natural rubber and thereby obviate the compulsion and over dependence on exports of surplus quantity of natural rubber. The growth prospect is enlarged by a boom in the vehicle industry, improved living standards of the masses and rapid over-all industrialization. JB
    8 : Range of Products The wide range of rubber products manufactured by the Indian rubber industry are – Auto tyres Auto tubes Automobile parts Footwear Belting Hoses Cycle tyres and tubes Cables and wires Camel back Battery boxes Latex products Pharmaceutical goods JB
    9 : Hi-tech industrial products The important areas which the industry caters to include are - All the three wings of defense Civil Aviation Aeronautics Railways and agriculture transport Textile engineering industries Pharmaceuticals, mines, steel plants JB
    10 : Exports India's exports of rubber products, including tyres exceed Rs.2000 Crores. The range of products exported are – Automotive tyres and tubes Rubber and canvas footwear Cycle tyres Pharmaceutical goods Rubber hoses, cots and aprons Belts and beltings Sheeting JB
    11 : Raw Materials Machinery The yardstick to measure the growth rate of the industry is the rubber consumption. Besides rubbers-natural, synthetic and reclaim there are other raw materials required by the industry. These include: Carbon black, rubber chemicals, tyre cords, plasticizers, process oils, zinc oxide, stearic acid, titanium dioxide and other miscellaneous chemicals which are all available indigenously. This apart, almost all types of major rubber machinery being manufactured in the country. JB
    12 : Market Influencing Factors The rubber production fluctuates between months and it is normally low during the rainy season. Growth in industrial production: automobile industry. The ratio of utilization of domestic production and imported rubber by tyre manufacturers. Government policies have a profound influence on rubber prices. These include subsidies, restrictions on ports etc. International rubber price movements, have a slow influence. Stockists and speculators also play a significant role in influencing prices. JB

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