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    1 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 1 India: Heritage, Culture, & Customs Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram Tallahassee, FL 32317 India in Transition
    2 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 2 Few Words @ the Beginning We are thankful for the opportunity Glad that many of you came We are neither professional speakers nor experts Talk is based on our personal observations Errors and mistakes are our own We are from Southeastern India We speak a language called Tamil
    3 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 3 About the Speakers Thayumanasamy Somasundaram [Soma] FSU Assoc Research In the US since 1989 Born in Rural India Raised in India till 30 Ph.D in Chemistry Gnanabhanu Somasundaram [Gina] Leon County Library In the US since 1992 Born in Urban India Raised in India till 25 Engineer
    4 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 4 Which India: Rural or Urban? Rural/Urban: 70/30 (US 30/70) Father of India Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gandhiji) “India does not live in her cities, … … she lives in her villages” – M.K. Gandhi, 1931. My Grandfather Sardar A. Vedaratnam Pillai Firm believer in educating women. India can attain self-sufficiency only when rural women have education and economic status in free India.
    5 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 5 Which India: Poor or Rich?
    6 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 6 India: Historic Time Line 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE 250 CE 500 CE 750 CE 1000 CE 1250 CE 1500 CE 1750 CE 2000 CE - Indus Valley - Medieval India - Post-Medieval - Vedic Time - Ancient India - British - Modern Wikipedia Harappan Civilization Buddha Born Mahavir (Jainism) Classical Sanskrit Alexander the Great Tamil Grammar Kushan Gupta Md Gazini Chalukya Chola (South) Babur Seashore Temple (South) Tanjore Temple (South) Taj Mahal Khajuraho East India Co Brit India War Free India Gandiji BCE: Before the Common Era CE: Common Era
    7 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 7 National Symbols of India Truth Alone Triumphs www.india.gov.in
    8 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 8 Geographic Features of India India (Bharat) South Asia One of the Oldest Civilizations 2nd Populace Country ~1/3 US size ~3 time more people Himalayas in North Indian Ocean (S), Bay of Bengal (E) & Arabic Sea (W) Sri Lanka (S), Myanmar & Bangladesh (E), Nepal, Bhutan, & China (N), & Pakistan & Afghanistan (W) www.worldatlas.com
    9 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 9 Environment of India North: Himalayas South, East, & West: Seas Latitude: (E-W): 32°-10°N Longitude: (N-S): 70-90°E Tallahassee (30°N; 84°W) Summer: March to June Monsoon: June to October Winter: October to March wikipedia.org
    10 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 10 Government Gained Independence from British on August 15, 1947 Became a Democratic Republic on January 26, 1950 Constitution of India adopted 395 Articles and 7 Schedules 93 Amendments President Head of the State Parliament Prime Minister Council of Ministers Members of the Parliament Based on British System
    11 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 11 Government of India (Central) Parliament Head of Nation: President Dr. A.P.J. Kalam Head of Government: Prime Minister Dr. Man Mohan Singh Cabinet of Ministers Two Chambers Lokh Sabha (People’s House) MP elected by people Rajhya Sabha (State’s House) Appointed by States Supreme Court www.india.gov.in
    12 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 12 Government of India (State) States are Semi-Independent Head of State: Governor Head of Government: Chief Minister Cabinet of Ministers Members of Legislative Assembly (Elected) Members of Legislative Council (Appointed) Regional Parties (DMK, TD) National Parties (Congress, Janata Dal) www.tn.gov.in
    13 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 13 Economy of India Traditional Legacy-System Agrarian Textile Raw Materials Spices Jewelry Modern Knowledge-Based Information Technology Out-Sourcing Customer Service (English helps!) Manufacturing (Low cost qualified people)
    14 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 14 Education in India State is Responsible Age 5-16 Free Elementary 1-5 grades Middle 6-8 grades High 9-12 State & Private Local Language & English College Taught in English (British Legacy) Bachelors Masters Professional Doctoral Mostly Private Literacy Rate (A person who can read and write in any language) Male: 75% (2001) Female: 54% (2001) Sex Ratio 933 F / 1000 M (2001) Population 1.03 Billion (2001) 5.3 person/household www.india.gov.in
    15 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 15 Religion in India India is a Secular Country No State Sponsored Religion Major Religions Hindu: 75% Muslim: 12% Christian: 6% Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, & Jews: 7% Ironically religion is a uniting feature Hinduism is non proselytizing No preaching Most people are tolerant Very private Becoming less important Encarta
    16 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 16 Languages in India Twenty-two (22) Official Languages: Hindi Language of the State English Languages Demarcate States North India Sanskrit (like Latin) Indo-Iranian-Germanic Branch Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, & Marathi South India Dravidian Branch Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, and Kannada Tamil
    17 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 17 Health Care in India Insurance is Rare < 8% Life Expectancy: 63 (M) | 65 (F) (74 & 80 US) Infant Mortality: 60/1000 live births (6/1000 US) Public Health Services Covers 20% Population 150,000 Centers 23,000 Primary Care Facilities Government Doctors & Facilities Waiting Lines No Fees! Pervasive Corruption Lack of Amenities Private Private Doctors & Facilities Pay for Service Reasonable Service Middle Class & Rich Get Good Service Qualified Physicians Attracting Foreigners Average Folks Go only when sick Avoid costly procedures Indebtedness in rural areas www.india.gov.in Encarta
    18 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 18 Family & Women Family is the Main Unit Joint Families Family Comes First Individuals Less Important Patriarchal System Divorce Less Common Social Factors Economic Factors Children Status of Women Improving More are Educated More have Jobs More Acceptance of Working Women Economic Necessity More Progress Expected
    19 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 19 Travel in India Mumbai (Bombay), New Delhi, Chennai (Madras), Kolkata (Calcutta), & Bangalore Air travel on the rise Many travel by trains Local travel by bus Hotels are okay Food is mostly vegetarian Food and water use caution People in general are friendly Little violent crime But cautious of petty thieves Indian Railways
    20 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 20 Tourism in India North India South India Coastal India
    21 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 21 Monuments: All Religions Agra Fort, 16th Cent. Kangaikonda Cholapuram Hindu Temple, 11th Cent Sanchi, Buddhist, 3 BCE Church Our Lady of Health, 18th Cent.
    22 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 22 Monuments: Temples & Sculptures Modern Zoroastrian Temple Lord Bahubali, 11th Cent, Jainism Church Our Lady of Health, 18th Cent. Halebid, 12th C., Sculptures Hawa Mahal, 18th C., Palace
    23 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 23 Customs and Traditions Food: North India Wheat Tea South India Rice Coffee Dress North India Kurtha Pajama South India Vaeshti Sari Traditions North India Influenced by many cultures Less traditional Wide range in rural and urban South India Very little outside influence More traditional More uniform Caste Based on Family Tradition Maintained in Family level Not in work place
    24 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 24 Customs and Traditions: Dress Cotton, Silk, & Polyester Traditional & Casual Colorful & Ornamental South India Doti, Sari Silk Shirts & Sari 22 Ct Gold Jewelry Shirts & Pants North India Kurtha, Pajamas Sari Salwar Kameez Silk, Cotton, & Wool Gold & Silver Jewelry Chennai Silks
    25 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 25 Customs and Traditions: Jewelry Tota Ram Rasi Silks
    26 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 26 Customs and Traditions: Food Use of Spices, Lentil, & Herbs Practicing Vegetarians South India Idli, Dosai, Vadai Sambar, Chutney, Vegetables Rice, Pickle, & Yogurt Coffee (Milk + Sugar) North India Roti, Chapati Lentils, Cheese Sweets, Yogurt Tea (Milk + Sugar)
    27 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 27 Entertainment: Movies Largest producer of movies About 1000 movies/year Bombay (Bollywood) Chennai Kolkata Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, and others Songs and dances are important Story line range from banal to serious
    28 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 28 Entertainment: Television & Radio Slowly Replacing Movies Doordarshan (State owned) National and Regional Other Television Stations Private Corporations Hindi, Tamil, English language programs News, Sports, Drama, Mini Series Regional (Sun TV) Radio is loosing popularity Urban Stations Popular All India Radio
    29 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 29 Entertainment: Dance Traditional (Natraj: Shiva) Bharata Natyam Kuchi Pudi Katha Kali Popular Dance Movie Dance Western Rock & Roll Spectators
    30 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 30 Entertainment: Music Traditional Music Hindustani (N India) Vocal Instrumental Carnatic (S India) Vocal Instrumental Popular Music Movies Very Popular Professionals Western Pop Music Urban Areas Clubs
    31 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 31 Conclusions India is in Transition Middle Class is Gaining Economic Status There is a Widening Gap Between Rich and Poor Small Percentage is Very Rich Social System may not be Ready There is no Economic Safety Net Young Entrepreneurs should Embrace Rural Folks Grameen Bank of Bangladesh Micro Lending Technological Empowerment Government Should Enforce Fair Distribution of Wealth
    32 : February 15, 2007 ©2007 Thayumanasamy & Gnanabhanu Somasundaram 32 Thanks Thank You All for Attending Questions? Comments?

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