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    Add as FriendIndustrial Relations

    by: ramaraju

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    1 : INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS R.V.SUBRAHMANAYAM 30TH AUGUST 2010
    2 : WHY STUDY LABOUR LAWS IGNORANCE OF LAW IS NO EXCUSE EVERY EMPLOYEE OF AN ORGANISATION SHOULD KEEP HIMSELF ABREAST OF HIS RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS EVEN ESTABLISHMENTS EMPLOYING SINGLE EMPLOYEE ALSO COME UNDER THE PURVIEW OF LABOUR LAWS THE BEGINNING OF LABOUR LAWS IN INDIA CAN BE TRACED BACK TO 1850’ WHEN APPRENTICES ACT WAS PLACED ON STATUTE BOOK FOLLOWED BY FATAL ACCIDENTS ACT 1855 AND THE INDIAN FACTORIES ACT 1881. OVER 100 LABOUR LAWS HAVE BEEN ENACTED BY CENTRAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS, MANY OF WHICH HAVE BEEN ALMOST TOTALLY MODIFIED OR EVEN REPEALED OR REPLACED.
    3 : PLETHORA OF MODERN LABOUR LAWS WORKMENS COMPENSATION ACT 1923 IS THE OLDEST SOME OF THE IMPORTANT LABOUR LAWS: TRADE UNIONS ACT 1926 THE PAYMENT OF WAGES ACT 1936 THE INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT AND STANDING ORDERS ACT 1946 THE INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES ACT 1947 THE MINIMUM WAGES ACT 1948 THE FACTORIES ACT 1948 THE EMPLOYEES STATE INSURANCE ACT 1948 THE EMPLOYEES PROVIDENT FUNDS AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISONS ACT 1952 THE PAYMENT OF BONUS ACT 1965 THE PAYMENT OF GRATUITY ACT 1972
    4 : CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS LABOUR IS A COMMON SUBJECT FOR THE CENTRE AND STATES. ARTICLE 246(4) OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA EMPOWERS THE UNION AND THE STATES JOINTLY TO LEGISLATE ON ISSUES RELATING TO TRADE UNIONS AND ALL CONCERNED LABOUR MATTERS. THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT ENACTS A LABOUR LAW WHILE ENSURING UNIFORMITY AND PARITY THROUGH OUT THE COUNTRY. THE STATE GOVERNMENTS ARE EMPOWERED TO EITHER ACCEPT A CENTRAL LAW AS IT IS OR AFTER MAKING SUITABLE AMENDMENTS THERE IN OR EVEN ENACT THEIR OWN LAW, CONSIDERING THE TYPICAL CONDITIONS OF LABOUR IN THEIR STATES. STATE GOVERNMENTS ARE GENERALLY ARE THE CHIEF ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITY HAVING POWERS TO MAKE RULES AND APPOINT AUTHORITIES FOR CARRYING OUT THE PURPOSES OF THE LEGISLATION.
    5 : ESTABLISHMENTS UNDER CONTROL OF UNION GOVERNMENT RAILWAYS MINES OILFIELDS DEFENCE INDUSTRIES INDUSTRIES OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE NAVAL,MILITARY AND AIRFORCES.
    6 : WHO IS A WORKMAN
    7 : “INDUSTRY’ Vs “MANUFACTURING PROCESS’
    8 : IMPORTANT TO NOTE A PERSON CANNOT BE TERMED AS WORKMAN IN THE ABSENCE OF MASTER AND SERVANT RELATIONSHIP. “INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE” MEANS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYERS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EMPLOLYER AND EMPLOYEES DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EMPLOYEES AND EMPLOYEES INGREDIENTS OF A DISPUTE: CONNECTED WITH THE EMPLOYMENT OR NON-EMPLOYMENT TERMS OF EMPLOYMENT WITH THE CONDITIONS OF LABOUR OR ANY PERSON.
    9 : WAGES DEFINITION

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