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    Add as FriendKnow more about Scotland

    by: Dheera

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    1 : Scotland
    2 : More information about Scotland Scotland is one of the four nations which form the United Kingdom (the other three are England, Wales and Northern Ireland). It forms the northern part of the island of Great Britain. Scotland is 31,510 sq. miles in area; it is 274 miles long from North to South and varies in breadth between 24 and 154 miles. The official language is English, although Gaelic is spoken, primarily in the North and West of Scotland. The Scots language (which has many similarities to English, but also draws on French and Gaelic) is also spoken. Whereas Gaelic is the language of the Highlands & Islands, Scots is the language of the Lowlands. The national flower is the thistle, although the heather which covers significant moorland areas is also closely associated with the country, providing peat for the fire and, along with lichens, dyes for tartan.
    3 : One of the most famous cities of Scotland is its capital Edinburgh . There are many interesting places to visit in this unique city such as:
    4 : Lady Stair's Close, Lawnmarket, Royal Mile     Situated in Lady Stair's House, built in 1622, the Writers' Museum is dedicated to the lives and work of Scotland's great literary figures, in particular Robert Burns (1759 - 1796), Sir Walter Scott (1771 - 1832) and Robert Louis Stevenson (1850 - 1894). The rich collection of portraits, manuscripts and personal exhibits include Burns' writing desk, Scott's chessboard, dining table and the printing press on which his Waverley novels were produced. The Stevenson collection is the most significant in the United Kingdom. Other prominent Scottish writers, including contemporary authors, are featured in the museum's programme of temporary exhibitions. The courtyard immediately outside The Writers' Museum has been designated as Makers' Court. Here you can find inscriptions commemorating famous Scottish writers, from the 14th century to the present.
    5 : The Museum of Edinburgh The Museum of Edinburgh is home to important collections relating to the history of Edinburgh, from prehistoric times to the present day. If you know the story of ' Greyfriars Bobby ', you will be thrilled to see his collar and feeding bowl, and the original plaster model for the bronze statue in Candlemaker Row. One of the museum's great treasures is the National Covenant, signed by Scotland's presbyterian leaders in 1638, while the collections of Scottish pottery and items relating to Field Marshal Earl Haig are of national importance. The museum also features Edinburgh silver and glass, and a colourful collection of shop signs. The home of The Museum of Edinburgh is picturesque Huntly House, which faces on to the Canongate and dates from the 16th century. It was extended in the 17th and 18th centuries, and has been home to a wide variety of owners and tenants, ranging from aristocrats to merchants and working people. Robert Chambers, a Victorian antiquarian, called Huntly House the ' speaking house ' because of the Latin inscriptions on its facade. The Museum of Edinburgh regularly mounts temporary exhibitions drawn from the local history and decorative art collections.
    6 : Scott monument    On the death of Sir Walter Scott in 1832, the great and good of the city came together to agree on a fitting monument to this outstanding Scottish literary figure. In 1836, an architectural competition was launched, inviting designs for an appropriate memorial. Two years later, the trustees approved the design submitted by George Meikle Kemp, and construction began in 1840, after permission was obtained from Parliament to build in Princes Street Gardens. Since the monument opened in August 1846, millions of people have climbed the 200 foot structure to admire its commanding views of the city centre, and to obtain a closer look at the statuettes of characters from Scott's works.
    7 : Calton Hill     Perched high on Calton Hill, at the cast end of the city centre, is the monument to Admiral Lord Nelson's victory, and death, at the battle of Trafalgar, on 21 October 1805. The upturned telescope was designed by the architect Robert Burn, and built between 1807 and 1815. In 1852, a large time ball was introduced, which is lowered as the one o'clock gun is fired from Edinburgh castle each day. If you reach the top, you will have a wonderful view of the Firth of Forth and of the Moorfoot hills.
    8 : But the most important attractions are the games held in Scotland every year .... Over the summer months, Aberdeen and Grampian Highlands have a packed calendar of traditional Highland Games. Scottish Highland Games are a series of events where people gather to watch athletes from throughout Scotland toss the caber, throw the hammer, and take part in many other traditional games. Colourful, exciting, competitive, memorable, world famous - just a few of the words that sum up the fun of Scottish Highland Games. From the skill and agility of the heavies, the colourful and proud massed pipebands, and the traditional flair of the highland dancers, this is a historic spectacle not to be missed.
    9 : Information on the Scottish Highland Games Throughout the summer season 14 Scottish Highland Games take part in Aberdeen and Grampian Highlands – from the Cornhill Highland Games in June to Scotland’s biggest and most prestigious Scottish Highland Games event, the Braemar Gathering in September, you’re sure to find a Highland Game to attend during your visit to this part of Scotland.
    10 : The Lonach Gathering is a truly unique event - nowhere else will you see the march of the Clansmen. The Men of Lonach, in full highland dress, armed with pikes and Lochaber battleaxes, march around the arena. This is a friendly and warm gathering of the clansmen and friends, whose enthusiasm and unparalleled genius make the games an outstanding success. The grand finale of the Games season, the Braemar Gathering, is the biggest and most prestigious Scottish Highland Games event. Queen Elizabeth II is Patron of the Braemar Gathering, which not only attracts a great crowd but also enjoys annual attendance from the Royal Family. Steeped in tradition, the Highland Games date back more than 1000 years when locals showcased their men’s physical prowess.
    11 : In short, everywhere you go in Scotland there are always wonders to visit. You will be surprised by their particularities!
    12 : Created by: Samantha Musumeci Giovanni Mauceri Cristina cottone

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