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    Add as FriendTropical Rain Forest

    by: Rogers

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    1 : Tropical Rain Forest Whitney Baker Laura Livesay
    2 : Characteristics Climate 250 cm per year of precipitation Humid rarely gets higher than 93 °F (34 °C) or drops below 68 °F (20 °C) The area between the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° N latitude) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° S latitude)
    3 : Typical Flora and Fauna Contains up to 30 million species Around 15,000 tree species – more than 10% are threatened Over 900 threatened bird species 4 layers: emergent layer, canopy layer, understory layer, and forest floor Many species are located ONLY here!!!
    4 : Loss of Tropical Rain Forest
    5 : Tropical Rain Forests Worldwide
    6 : Plants Cecropia Tree Sprays formic acid and are covered by armies of ants.
    7 : Plants Matapalo Strangling Fig Grow up and tangle around the trunk of the host tree.
    8 : Plants Heliconia Flower It’s shape fits the hummingbirds bill. Hummingbirds pollinate these flowers.
    9 : Plants Rafflesia Produces largest flower in the world. One of the worst smelling flowers.
    10 : Plants Stag’s-Horn Fern Epiphyte Forms two types of fronds
    11 : Plants Amazon Basin’s Royal Water Lily Support a child’s weight. Has spikes on the bottom to keep away predators.
    12 : Animals: Mammals Armadillo It’s scaly surface protects it. Rolls up for protection.
    13 : Animals: Mammals Gorillas Endangered species. Largest of the apes.
    14 : Animals: Mammals Mandrill Males have elaborate face patterns. They have long mobile snouts and sharp claws for digging.
    15 : Animals: Birds Macaw Brightly colored parrots. Crack hard nuts with their big, strong bills.
    16 : Animals: Birds Peacocks Males have a remarkable tail that it uses during mating displays.
    17 : Animals: Birds Quetzal They have emerald green heads, black and green tail feathers, and the under parts are red, black, and white.
    18 : Animals: Insects African Snake Millipede Reaches eleven inches. Bright red with black head. Squirts out a stinking and irritant liquid called benzoquinone.
    19 : Animals: Insects Ogre-Faced Spider Makes webs above a regularly used ant trail and hangs from the web to capture them.
    20 : Animal: Insects Theraphosa Leblondi One of the largest spiders. Have a potent venom and only attack if severely provoked.
    21 : Animals: Amphibians Darwin’s Frog The males takes protection to an extreme level. It holds the fertilized eggs in the mouth for protection.
    22 : Adaptations Animals – must be able to live in a warm climate with lots of annual rainfall Many animals (and reptiles, insects, etc.) disguise themselves in the forest by blending in with their surroundings Plants – must be able to live in warm climate with lots of annual rainfall, lack of sunlight (forest floor), or a lot of sunlight (emergent and canopy layers)
    23 : Dominant Species: Plants Bengal Bamboo Often grows as an undergrowth scattered or in patches in the forest. It likes temperatures between 40 degrees Fahrenheit and 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
    24 : Dominant Species: Plant Coconut Tree Grow to be 50-80 feet. They all have a tall graceful trunks topped by a crown light feathery leaves that are 15-17 feet long.
    25 : Dominant Species: Animals Bengal Tiger The weight of the tiger can be up to 575 pounds. The Bengal tiger can get up to ten feet long and three feet tall.
    26 : Dominant Species: Animals Chimpanzee Chimpanzees are about 3 to 5 feet tall and weigh from 99 to 176 pounds. The favorite food of chimpanzees are fruits and young leaves, but they like many different types of food.
    27 : Dominant Species: Animals King Cobra Adults weigh 12-20 pounds. Their fangs can grow a 1/2 inch. The King Cobra can grow up to 12-18 feet.
    28 : Food Web Coconut Trees
    29 : Tropical Rain Forest Climatogram 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 J F M A M J J A S O N D
    30 : Random Facts Rainforest occupy 6% of the Earth’s surface 350 million of the world’s poorest people depend on forests for their subsistence & survival Rainforests produce 20 – 30% of the world’s oxygen U.S. National Cancer Institute has identified over 1400 tropical forest plants with the potential to fight cancer
    31 : Random Facts Rainforests are the source of an estimated 2500 edible fruits Every year at least 50 million acres are destroyed – an area the size of England, Wales, and Scotland combined Over 900 threatened bird species U.S. imports over $20 million worth of rainforest plants for medicinal purposes annually
    32 : Sources http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rnfrst_climate_page.htm http://www.cap.nsw.edu.au/bb_site_intro/stage2_Modules/zoo/tropical_rainforest.htm http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rnfrst_plant_page.htm http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rnfrst_plant_page.htm Tropical Forests by Peter D. Moore Tropical Rain Forest by April Pulley Sayre Rainforest by Sara Oldfield Rainforests of the World by Art Wolfe

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