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    Vector Control in Egypt

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    1 : EGYPT
    2 : Vector Control in Egypt Dr Zeineb Yousef Dr Kamilia A.M. Allam Dr Tarek Eid Dr Mohamed Tawfeek
    3 : Egypt The country can be divided according to its course into Nile delta, Nile valley in upper Egypt and Lake Nasser behind Aswan dam. Series of oasis are found in the western desert while Sinai peninsula is in the north east
    4 : Vector Control Activities In Egypt Vector control operations are performed by the professional workers and staff of vector control units of Ministry of Public Health & Population. Vector control activities are directed to the control of mosquitoes, sand flies, flies, cockroaches, fleas, scorpions and rodents.
    5 : Vector Control Activities Vector control activities cover various methods included in Integrated Pest Management approach. Activities include environmental methods like filling breeding sites of mosquitoes, clearing water canals from vegetation and proper collection of wastes for flies and rodent control.
    6 : Vector Control Activities Biological control is used for mosquito larvae as larvivorous fish and bacterial preparations. Legislations enforced at country borders and ports to prevent invasion of vectors to the country such as Anopheles gambia the malaria vector from Sudan.
    7 : Vector Control Activities Two successful trials for Integrated Vectors Control were conducted by MOHP: 1.In Hazzaniya and Gaafra villages of Qalyubia during 1988 – 1989. 2.In Azizia village of Giza during 1991 – 1994> Both trials were done in co-operation with EMRO of WHO and with participation of the communities of these villages.
    8 : Vector Control Activities A National plan for Integrated Vector Control Is being prepared and implemented. A national Committee for international convention dealing with hazardous substances and wastes(Basel,POPs,PIC). Hazardous substances Information and Management System is established. Chemical Safety unit in MOHP
    9 : Vector Control Activities Chemical Control methods include: 1.Residual spraying indoor and outdoor . 2.Space spraying (thermal fogging and ULV). 3.Larviciding, for mosquito and housefly control. 4.Dusting and baits for flies and cockroach according to the vector and its stage. 5.Introducing bed nets as prevention against mosquito transmitted diseases.
    10 : Vector Control Activities Resistance of vectors to used insecticides is monitored by Research Institute of Medical Entomology of MOHP. Private pest control activities are regulated by Decree No. 268 of MOHP in 1986 to insure safe use of pesticide
    11 : Pesticide Management Registration In Egypt registration of public health and household insecticides is subjected to the law of pharmaceuticals and is organized by the Minister of health decree No. 224 for the year 1996. Before that date, only handling permissions used to be issued for these pesticides.
    12 : Pesticide Management Documents required 1. Application form from the drug policies and planning center of MOHP. 2. Registration and free sale certificate for the product from the country of origin. 3. WHO guidelines that approve using the product for public health or household purposes.
    13 : Pesticide Management Registration procedure The application should be approved first by the subsidiary committee for pesticides. Samples of the product for laboratory and field tests are then presented. Biological tests include laboratory evaluation only for household products but for public health products laboratory evaluation and field trials should be conducted
    14 : Pesticide Management 4. Registration approval from EPA if present. 5. Data sheet for the product including: Details of its contents. Physical properties. Method of application. Comprehensive toxicological studies. Method of analysis.
    15 : Pesticide Management On passing the various tests, the product will be presented to the registration committee for final approval and a registration number is issued. Registration is valid for five years after which the whole procedure should be repeated. Registration in Ministry of Agriculture is controlled by decree No. 719 of 2005.
    16 : Obsolete Pesticides Basel and Stockholm conventions are strictly observed in collection, repacking, transport and storage of all known stockpiles. Old stock of expired or banned or disused pesticides are kept in a store set aside by Ministry of Agriculture awaiting proper disposal.
    17 : Sectors collaboration High committee for Integrated Vector Control Program was created by MOHP Minister decree No.2 of 2005 including representatives of Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Irrigation and water resources and Ministry of Environmental Affairs.
    18 : Sectors collaboration The committee will work also as national intersectoral steering committee for GEF supported program of Integrated Vector Management. Higher pesticides committee is already exist between MOHP and Ministry of Agriculture for revising all used pesticides and approving new ones.
    19 : Thank You

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