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by: radhikaravi98

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1 : WHAT IS DEMOCRACY & WHY DEMOCRACY ?
2 : Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people through free & fair elections. Principle of democracy is that the government of the state is carried out with the cooperation & consent of the people. Exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation Democracy means rule by people. People categorized as citizens of a society. DEMOCRACY
3 : The English word ‘Democracy’ is derived from two Greek words ‘Demos ’ [crowd] and ‘Kratia’ or ‘cratos’ [power]. Democracy is rule by majority of the people according to certain rules and regulations which are accepted by the people of a country. According to Abraham Lincoln, the great President of America, “Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.” It is in this democratic process of government that both the voter and the voted are responsible for their actions. Several philosophers and researchers outlined historical and social factors supporting the evolution of democracy.
4 : THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF DEMOCRACY
5 : True democracy will come to this country when no one goes hungry to bed. Every citizen needs to have equal information, basic education, equal resources & a lot of commitment. True democracy means not just equal right to vote. TRUE DEMOCRACY
6 : In the 21st century, democracy has been criticized as "the reigning dogma of our time". Democracy has probably been the primary objective in governing all present-day global relations. Democratic regimes is emerging fast as a rational response to the upsurge of democratic aspirations round the globe. Egypt, tunisia, libya and few more middle eastern countries, the situation at hand suggests the bend towards democracy with specific national interests. POPULARITY OF DEMOCRACY
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8 : Do we call this as a democratic???!!!
9 : WHY IS DEMOCRACY IMPORTANT ? The underlying principle of democracy is freedom, since only in a democracy the citizens can have a share in freedom. There are two main aspects of freedom; being ruled & ruling in turn, since everyone is equal according to number, not merit, & to be able to live as one pleases.
10 : Why is democracy better than other forms of government ? Is an answerable form of government Improves the quality of decision making. Enhances the dignity of citizens one member, one vote with each vote being of equal value. It allows us to correct its own mistake. Exercises human rights.
11 : Implies universal suffrage, competes for office, freedom of speech , press and the rule of law. Elections decide issues and are used to pass laws. Public questions are decided by the will of the majority. The rights of the minority are protected. Issues are settled through negotiation and compromise. Resolves disagreements between powerful groups in society, without resorting to physical fighting and civil war. Contd…
12 : MERITS AND DEMERITS
13 : The best form of all government It is above any kind of undue favour to any religion, caste, creed or colour. The people are supreme and cannot be exploited by any dictator or group of persons. Decision of the public - it gives freedom of expression to the masses. It develops the intellectual level of the country.It rejects the right of one or a few to rule over the others. Under democracy the community as a whole is the custodian of sovereignty of state. Democracy develops the spirit of patriotism and nationalism. Democracy strengthens the love of country Democracy serves as a training school for citizenshipand thereby minimizes the possibilities of discontent and revolutions. It ensures equality and liberty. People can live and regulate their lives according to their needs and choice. The will of the state comes to be in accordance with the general will.All the people equally participate in the exercise of the sovereign power. More obedience to laws:Since laws are made by popular legislatures through the elected representatives of the people, the people would render unflinching obedience to such laws.These laws would not be a command of the sovereign but would reflect the needs and respond to the impulses of the people. Merits of Democracy
14 : Responsible to the people Peaceful change of government:people have a right to change the government peacefully. It thus avoids violent revolutions and provides for flexibility. Education:Democracy has an immense educative value. Citizens in democracy participate in the election of parliaments in the process of laThere are no ruler and ruled. w making, and in the execution of laws.The ruling and opposition parties constantly educate the people. The voter gets many opportunities to be politically educated through panchayat, local, provincial and central levels. Democracy is a self Government. It is a government of the people, by the people, for the people. People are more satisfied and contented in a democracy as they are directly or indirectly associated with the affairs of the state. Democracy implies the recognition of the duties of the Government and rights of the people. It postulates a measure of personal freedom and equal consideration for all the people. Fundamental rights are guaranteed and treated as limitations upon the government.
15 : Demerits of Democracy Rule of the irresponsible multitude Rule of the political parties Rule of the ignorance Cult of incompetence Psychological case against Democracy Government of the people - not practicable Bribery and corruption It is necessary to make long-range plans and policies to achieve anygreat success.But in a democratic system the representatives of the people are bound to face the electorate after 5 years. The general public does not want to make sacrifices for the good results, which will be available only in future. So a country cannot make real progress by following democratic system. The capitalists, industrialists, bosses of mafia type groups andreligious leaders play a dominant part in influencing voters in general elections. So honest and capable leaders do not get an opportunity to form the government. Democracy needs educated, enlightened and patriotic people to make it a success. So in a country where the percentage of literacy is less than 50, a democratic system is useless and harmful for the welfare of the people.
16 : Corruption has reached the higher level, we cannot accept the desired services from them to the constitution & rumors of the law. The society has made the people responsible to mind the bureaucracy & judiciary corrupt. CORRUPTION
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18 : A good historical example is USA has been a democracy right from the day of its independence. And in that democracy first slavery for the blacks existed, and then racial segregation and discrimination for millions of blacks. Things are better in USA now. Hitler and the Nazis gained popularity and power in a reasonably democratic country of their time. And then they used their power to declare martial law for everyone. LET US SEE SOME COUNTRIES…
19 : COUNTRIES WHICH FOLLOW DEMOCRACY France, U.S.A, Madagascar, Holland , Nepal, India, Pakistan, Iraq, Palestine, Germany, New Zealand, Republic Of China, Japan, Republic Of Ireland, Czech Republic, Sweden. COUNTRIES WHICH DON’T FOLLOW DEMOCRACY
20 : Dictatorial democracy
21 : The Indian Democracy The organization of government is based on the separation of powers legislative branch (congress): make s the law executive branch (president & cabinet): enforces the law judicial branch (courts): explains the law. No branch can become too powerful. The Indian idea that refers to the ideals of liberalism, pluralism, secularism, economic equity and socialism. it includes stresses on the importance of justified political and civil rights and regular elections Going forward, democracy in India and its success depends primarily on the political alertness as well as awareness and mass participation of the common people. In an effort to promote greater involvement of women in the decision-making processes, the Indian constitution has made provision for about 33 per cent seat reservation for women candidates in elected bodies.
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23 : India is the world's most populous democracy.A parliamentary republic with a multi-party system,it has six recognised national parties, including the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and more than 40 regional parties. Elections were held again in 1991; no party won an absolute majority. But the Congress, as the largest single party, was able to form a minority government led by P. V. Narasimha Rao. The President of India is the supreme commander of the nation's armed forces; with 1.6 million active troops, they compose the world's third-largest military.Much of the military expenditure was focused on defence against Pakistan and countering growing Chinese influence in the Indian Ocean. The electoral process in India is well-structured with a universal adult suffrage. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, illiteracy, corruption, and inadequate public healthcare. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society.
24 : Freedom to live or travel anywhere in the US Freedom to work at any job for which one qualifies Freedom to marry and raise a family Freedom to receive free education in public schools Freedom to join a political party, union, or other legal group FREEDOM IN US
25 : MYNAMMAR MILITARY RULE IN BURMA In 2 March 1962, the military led by General Ne Win took control of Burma and the government has been under direct or indirect control by the military since then. almost all aspects of society (business, media, production) were brought under military control. There were sporadic protests against military rule during the Ne Win years and these were almost always violently suppressed. Many students were killed. During the period[1974-1988], Burma became one of the world's most poor country.
26 : HUMAN RIGHTS Burma rates as a highly corrupt nation on the Corruption Perceptions Index with a rank of 180th out of 183 countries worldwide. The military regime in burma is one of the world's most repressive and abusive regimes. no independent judiciary in burma. Forced labour, human trafficking, and child labour are common. A women's pro-democracy movement has formed in exile, there is a growing international movement to defend women's human rights issues. However, since the transition to new government in august 2011, burma's human rights record has been improving according to the crisis group, the government has assembled a national human rights commission consisted of 15 members from various backgrounds.
27 : Elections and reforms In May 1990, the government held free elections for the first time in almost 30 years and the National League for Democracy (NLD), the party of Aung San Suu Kyi, won 392 out of a total 489 seats (i.e., 80% of the seats). However, the military junta refused to cede power and continued to rule the nation Since the elections, the government has embarked on a series of reforms toward liberal democracy, mixed economy, and reconciliation although the motives of such reforms are still debated. These reforms include the release of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest, establishment of the National Human Rights Commission, general amnesties of more than 200 political prisoners, institution of new labour laws that allow labour unions and strikes, relaxation of press censorship and regulations of currency practices.
28 : The Burmese constitutional referendum, 2008, promised a "discipline-flourishing democracy", and the name of the country was changed from the Union of Myanmar to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar The constitution of Burma was drafted and published in September 2008. by its military rulers The current head of state, elected as President, on 30 March 2011, is Thein Sein. The upper house (House of Nationalities )consists of 224 member of which 168 are directly elected and 56 are appointed by the Burmese Armed Forces while, the lower house (House of Representatives) consists of 440 members of which 330 are directly elected and 110 are appointed by the armed forces. the election day of 2010 was peaceful, though there were alleged irregularities in polling stations like widespread fraud, ballot stuffing, and voter intimidation and the international community condemned the elections as fraudulent .
29 : a state of literate, well disciplined and patriotic people can enjoy the real fruits of Democracy. Presented by R.Radhika BEL Vidyalaya CBSE

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