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    Add as Friendmalnutrition in india

    by: shankar

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    1 :
    2 : “Problem of malnutrition is a matter of national shame.” Despite India’s remarkable economic growth over the last decade, many children still struggle to meet their most basic needs, including access to sufficient food and health care. 20% of Indian children under five years old were wasted (acutely malnourished) and 48% were stunted (chronically malnourished).
    3 : Africa 22% India 43% Importantly with 43% of children underweight ( with a weight deficit for their age) rates of child underweight in India are twice higher than the average figure in sub-Saharan Africa (22%).
    4 : How to Measure Malnutrition? Malnutrition is not always easy to see. Though the signs of severe malnutrition may be clear - such as discolored hair, baggy skin, or a distended belly - a moderately malnourished child at risk of falling into severe malnutrition may appear energetic and normal. For this reason, many parents don't realize when their children are malnourished. Fortunately, malnutrition is relatively simple to measure. It require only three key pieces of information: the person's age, weight, and height. From these three, it's possible to determine if a person is: Stunted, meaning the person has a low height for her age - an indication of chronic malnutrition over a long period of time Wasted, meaning the person has a low weight for her height - an indication of acute malnutrition in the child at present Underweight, meaning the person has a low weight for her age - a indication of general malnutrition
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    7 : Survey reports: Nearly 9 million children die every year before the age of five – that is nearly one child every three seconds across the world. Every 25 seconds, an Indian child dies unnecessarily because of poor nutrition.
    8 : Reasons behind: 1. Unawareness: Lack of awareness among mothers about what a malnourished child would look like. They know the difference between health vs. unhealthy,  fat vs. thin but didn’t know symptoms of a malnourished child. It was also found that 92% mothers had never heard the word “malnutrition”; (wonder whether an equivalent word exists in Hindi or other regional languages).
    9 : Colostrums (mother’s first milk) not being given to a newborn baby due to wide range of cultural reasons. 2. Feeding:
    10 : 3.Maternity leave Maternity leave is taken for granted in the organized sector. In the unorganized sector, mother has to get back to work on the second or third day after the birth of her baby. Child is left in the care of a grandmother or some other caregiver.
    11 : 4. Poor Sanitation: Sanitation practices were shocking. Soap apparently has become a gender symbol, associated and used only by men. Women don’t use it after any of their ablutions or before touching their young children. Many children, especially under the age of five have fed with unclean water.
    12 : 5.Economic Background The prevalence of malnutrition is significantly higher among children from low-income families, although rates of child malnutrition are significant among middle and high income families. 
    13 : 6.Girl Child: Girls seem to have a nutrition advantage over boys in the first months of life; however this advantage seems to be reversed over time as girls and boys grow older.
    14 : 7. Illiteracy: 66% mothers did not attend school; rates of child underweight and stunting are significantly higher among mothers with low levels of education; the prevalence of child underweight among mothers who cannot read is 45% while that among mothers with 10 or more years of education is 27%.
    15 : Measures to be taken: Focus on proven, essential nutrition interventions, the timely initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of birth, exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life. Focus on proven, essential primary health care interventions: full immunization, appropriate and active feeding of children during and after illness. Timely and quality therapeutic feeding and care for all children with severe acute malnutrition Promote personal hygiene, environmental sanitation, safe drinking water and food safety. Expand and improve nutrition education and awareness as well as involvement and accountability for improved nutrition at the community level. Timely introduction of complementary foods at six months.
    16 : Improved food and nutrient intake for adult women, including during pregnancy and lactation Encourage personal hygiene and environmental sanitation, especially use of toilets and hand washing with soap. Ensure safe food handling practices during storage, cooking and eating. Improve the nutrition education and counselling skills of all frontline service providers (e.g., Aganwadi workers, Auxiliary Nurse Midwives, Accredited Social Health Activists).
    17 : Thank You….!

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