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    by: Usha

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    1 : GPS - GPRS BASED VEHICLE TRACKING SYSTEM Presented by: MAYANK M. LUHAR ROLL NO: 04EC018 B.E.EC (VIII SEM) GOVT.ENG.COLLEGE,DAHOD
    2 : SYSTEM REQUIREMENT GPS and GIS based tracking system Uses GSM / GPRS network for communication Web based presentation of data on digital maps Subscription based service ASP model of service delivery A pioneering commercial service
    3 : SYSTEM REQUIREMENT Components ON BOARD DEVICE GSM / GPRS NETWORK BASE STATION / DATA CENTER GPS MODULE =GT-714HC GPRS MODULE=P5186D MICRO CONTROLER-P89V51RD2 MULTIPLEXER-74HC157 VEHICLE TRACKING SOFTWERA SIM CARD
    4 : WHAT IS GPS? GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM A network of satellites that continuously transmit coded information , which makes it possible to precisely identify locations on earth by measuring distance from satellites. By having received the almanac and ephemeris data , the GPS receiver knows the position (location) of the satellites at all times
    5 : APPLICATION OF GPS Science and research Commerce and industry Agriculture and forestry Communications technology Tourism/sport Military Time measurement Tracking of any object Survey of land
    6 : WHAT IS GPRS? GENERAL PACKET RADIO SERVICE It is a mode in which resources are assigned to user only when data needs to be sent or received. Data is sent in packets , which are routed across the network along with other user traffic. GPRS provides the transmission of IP packets over existing cellular networks.
    7 : APPLICATIONS OF GPRS Navigation Traffic conditions Airline/Rail schedules Location finder
    8 : LEADING COMPANIES WHO USES GPS GARMIN corporation: www.garmin.com VISIONTEK: www.visiontek.co.in
    9 : WHAT IS VEHICLE TRACKING SYSTEM? “Vehicle Tracking Service “ means an Electronics device that reports its location by using Global Positioning system (GPS), data receive from GPS satellites. This device is installed in car/vehicle with antenna and tracking the vehicle.GPS controlled and handled by computer system. Thus there is a continuous track of the vehicle which can be stored in a database and can be retrieved later.
    10 : APPLICATIONS Fleet management Security purpose Anti-theft system in vehicle Geo-fencing Geographical survey
    11 : BLOCK DIAGRAM OF PROJECT GPRS MODULE In-vehicle Unit Base station COMMUNICATION LINK
    12 : The device consists of a micro-controller interfaced with a GPS and a GPRS module. The GPS module receives the information of the vehicle and passes it to the controller. The controller extracts the required information and makes a packet out of it that consists of geographical data and other information BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT
    13 : DISCRIPTION CONTINUE… This packet is passed to the GPRS device that is configured for point to point service. The remote receiver consists of a GPRS module interfaced with pc. A software will display the current position of the vehicle on the map.
    14 : How system works? GPS Receiver GPRS/GSM Modem Remote Vehicle Transtrack Data Center GPRS Network GSM Modem Customer tracks vehicles on the Web Anytime anywhere GPRS
    15 : GPS MODULE (GT-714FS) Fast-acquisition high-sensitivity 44-channel SMD GPS receiver module. It is optimized for high-performance, ease-of-use, flexibility, and low-cost. The GPS receiver is suitable for a wide range of navigation and tracking applications.
    16 : PIN DIAGRAM
    17 : NMEA PROTOCOL GPS module follows NMEA protocol to interface with microcontroller. It helps to send different frames received from the satellites. These frames contains parameters of vehicle like longitude, latitude , date , time , speed etc.
    18 : NMEA0183 PROTOCOL National Marine Electronics Association 0183 (NMEA-0183) (Inter)National standard for navigation data exchange among marine electronics (GPS, LORAN, wind/water speed sensors, autopilot, etc) Adopted by GPS community as defacto standard for simple output-only Position-Velocity-Time reporting Available on nearly every commercial GPS with a serial port Uses standard serial port (RS-232C) at 4800,8,N,1 default Output-only ASCII-only comma-delimited string-based protocol NMEA strings: $GPGGA – GPS fix data message (lat, lon, time, #SVs, etc) $GPGGL – Geographic position (lat, lon, time) $GPGSA – GPS DOP and active satellites (SVs, P,H,VDOP) $GPGSV – GPS satellites in view (SV elevation/azimuth, SNR, etc) $GPVTG – GPS velocity and heading $GPZDA – Time & Date message
    19 : FRAMES FROM SATELLITES $GPGGA,hhmmss.sss,ddmm,mmmm,a,dddmm.mmmm,a,x,xx,x.x,M,x.x M,x.x,xxxx*hh $GPGLL,ddmm.mmmm,a,ddmm.mmmm,a,hhmmss.sss,A,a*hh $GPGSA,A,x,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,x.x,x.x,x.x*hh, $GPGSV,x,x,xx,xx,xx,xxx,xx,…,xx,xx,xxx,xx*hh<>CR3 $GPRMC,hhmmss.sss,a,dddmm.mmmm,a,dddmm.mmmm,a,x.x,x.x,ddmmyy,x.x,a.a* $GPRMC,092204.999,A,4250.5589,S,14718.5084,E,0.00,89.68,211200,,A*25 $GPVTG,x.x,t,x.x,m,x.x,n,x.x,k,a*hh
    20 : GPRS MODULE (WISMO Quik Q2400 series) WISMO Quik Q2403 Series has two external connections RF connection pads (to the antenna) General Purpose Connector (GPC) to Digital, Keyboard, Audio and Supply
    21 : GENERAL INFORMATION Serial link SIM card Antenna switch Keyboard Complete interfacing 2 watts EGSM radio section running under 3.6 Volts 1 watts GSM1800 radio section running under 3.6 Volts Subscription model ensures low investments & fast roll out
    22 : AT COMMANDS FOR GPRS AT commands is use for GPRS module to pass the information from in -vehicle unit to base station GPRS module There are many types of AT commands: 1. GPRS COMMAMND 2. SIM TOOLKIT COMMAMND 3. DATA COMMANDS 4. SMS COMMANND
    23 : UNIQUE FEATURES OF PROJECT If a vehicle is outside the range of the GPRS service ,it is possible that a remote device may not able to know the position of vehicle in that time gap. For that purpose there is MMC card which stores the data even when the vehicle is out of range and this data can be retrieved later. The locking of a vehicle from the remote pc.
    24 : Application Usage - Generalized applications for Logistics, cargo, personnel transportation, Call Center/ BPO proliferation requirements for both in-city and inter state movements. Used by modern metro police control rooms for dynamic deployment and close monitoring of petrol vans, mobile personnel and espionage Application - Standard features of fleet databases, planning and monitoring, post-mortem analysis, route planning and fleet optimization, interfacing with legacy systems, direct access and CRM features for end customer & timely authentication. Benefits - Higher fleet productivity, customer satisfaction, lower overheads, data mining for long term planning and efficiency improvement. Fleet efficiency and cost control, enhanced customer satisfaction, Major gains in recovery cycles and client disputes, less overheads. Faster response and policing, Enhanced crime statistics, force efficiency and optimum fleet utilization Segments - Automobile Manufacturers, White goods, Freight Forwarding, Inter state Bus services, Cargo couriers, Petro-distribution, FMCG, Pharma, Corporate Personnel Movements, Luxury Taxis, Call Centers, BPO, City and Metro Police forces, Para-military etc.
    25 : FUTURE ASPECTS This project can be designed for the purpose of pet tracking. It can also be extended to the level of human tracking.
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    28 : Thank you

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