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    Add as Friendwater shed management

    by: prranavk8

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    1 : Participatory Watershed Management (PWM) Project Presentation at National workshop “Linkages of Forest Protection, Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction- Issues and Approaches in Vietnam ” Hà n?i, 2009 Community visions for watershed management Linking forest and land use management to economic development through community planning
    2 : Basic information Bá Thu?c is a mountainous district of Thanh Hoá with Total population: 104.141 Per. (22.405 Hhs) 03 ethnic groups: Mu?ng, Thái, Kinh who are living in 23 com./ town (226 villages) Total areas: 77.522 ha Agriculture land 60.697 ha Including forest land 53.215 ha Bá Thu?c district
    3 : Introduction Participatory Watershed Management (PWM) Project is under the Civil Action for Social Inclusion (CASI) program of CARE International in Vietnam; Implementation period: 1/2007 – 12/2009 Location: 6 communes (Ban Công, Tân L?p, H? Trung, Luong N?i, Luong Trung và Luong Ngo?i) of Ba Thuoc district. Project areas
    4 : Immediate Objectives Participatory natural resource management and livelihood improvement systems operationalized in three watershed communities of Ba Thuoc district.
    5 : PWM project using an inclusive, participatory and equal process, in which communities are presented with opportunities to: develop a common understanding of the area and environmental issues, raise awareness, foster forums for discussion and access capacity building based on development visions identified by the communities themselves; PWM project focuses on empowerment of communities to advocate their needs, rights and visions in regards to external actors and build capacity of the local authorities to enable them to better support and appreciate community participation, knowledge and contributions PWM project strengthens existing structures and processes, working with ‘both sides of the table’ to foster equal respect and willingness to listen PWM project supports watershed management and protection activities which also contribute to improved sustainable agriculture practices. Participation and sustainability
    6 : Topic for sharing and learning Participatory watershed management planning Through visioning approach
    7 : Why do we use visioning approach Unlike others, this methodology is Goal/vision-oriented thinking using appreciative enquiry rather than being problem-oriented; The visualization of desired future conditions helps defining and clarifying the needs for change to reach the vision and the obstacles or problems in reaching there; Places the envisioning of desired future conditions before diagnosis or action planning; This methodology is working across administrative levels Linking between participants (establishment of partnerships) by tentatively matching offer (actions) of ones with demand (requests) of others to co-implement activities for the achievement of immediate objectives.
    8 : Step 1: Presentation on current status of natural resources management in sub-watershed area Workshop objectives and giving instructions for participants; Present video clip on the current situation of natural resources management in 03 sub-watershed areas. Present video clip on the watershed management project in India implemented by IFAD
    9 : Step 2: Discussion on current situation of natural resources management in sub-watershed Present current situation (difficulties and potential) social economic conditions in sub-watershed area Group discussion on current situation and adding information in land use map. Present the results from group discussion.
    10 : Participants discussed on “What is a vision? Then a vision could be long term future situation for peoples lives, economy and landscape” In order to develop vision for sub-watershed, participants answer the questions: “Where do we want to go?” and “how should our environment and children be in future? What should we do for planning to get the vision?” Participants present their visions about sub-watershed according to their own painted pictures. Information presented by participants is aggregated in “ Vision statement” Step 3: Building vision for sub-watershed
    11 : Vision statement of Luong Ngo?i-Luong Trung sub-watershed We wish we would have a happy life. Natural resources in the watershed would be preserved. Forests would be green forever to give us a sustainable eco-environment; plants and wild animals such as deers, birds would grow and develop here. The forests would become gold and well-managed, exploited, protected sustainable to build our country, communes and villages. Streams would be full of water all the year round and irrigation systems would be built and managed to supply water for agriculture, aquaculture and water-bird. Pumping and electricity system would be available to supply enough water for poor families along the rivers to irrigate their fields. Clean water system for daily activities would be built to supply enough water for all people. Roads and bridges would be improved to help people travel back and forth, and transport goods and agro-forestry products. People would have income from forests, agricultural products and animal raising and aquaculture. Higher income would help the households build bigger houses and buy more means of transport (e.g cars). People would buy lorries and drive themselves to transport goods for the community with a reasonable price. Dan Long eco-tourist area would be built not only to generate more income for the villagers but also help visitors know more about our customs and culture, and then disseminate our image in broader scale. Village level factories or enterprises would be built and run to create jobs and thus bring about more income. More schools would be built and there would be good roads for children to go to school in rainy seasons in convenience. National standard health car station would be accessible for the villagers. The most remote villages would also have electricity. Cultural and entertainment areas and sport centers would be built to and accessible for local people. From the top of the mountains, we would see young couples and all families would be hand- in- hand, shoulder-to-shoulder and happy together.
    12 : List out the vision from the vision statement that link to the current status of the watershed areas. Group discussion on how to move from current to future status by identify solutions/ activities and put time frame for the watershed management plan Present group discussion results and complete the watershed management plan. Step 4: Develop watershed management plan
    13 : Watershed management plan is presented by community facilitator, then villagers contribute their opinions to the plan and agree upon; Village development plan is prepared based on the watershed management plan where sustainable land use models and livelihood models is prioritized for the economic development purpose. Communities show their strong commitments to implement watershed management plan to improve their living conditions. Step 5: Organize village meeting to agree on the watershed management plan
    14 : Step 6: Support the implementation and monitoring of watershed management plan
    15 : The Model in practice: Experience from community based sub watershed management system in H? Trung-Luong N?i, Bá Thu?c district Linking forest and land use management to economic development through community watershed planning
    16 : Analyze current situation of watershed management in H? Trung-Luong N?i SWOT analysis to assess the current situation of watershed management in the community. Establishment of sub-watershed management board at commune level to implement and monitor activities developed in the watershed management plan.
    17 : Determine community based watershed management system in H? Trung-Luong N?i Village meetings to determine watershed management system based on the watershed management plan. Watershed management system was further reviewed with the consultation from social economic development plan at all levels. Watershed management board propose agreed watershed management system to Ha Trung people’s committee for approval.
    18 : The sub watershed plan covers: Plant forest in watershed areas Facilitate communities to develop sustainable livelihood models such as: SALT, production of organic fertilizer; Facilitate process of establishment of needs based interest groups such as chicken raising, bee-keeping, bamboo generation, planting rattan; nursery garden…etc. These groups will be further up-scaled it’s self to business enterprises Facilitate the establishment process of community based watershed management system (E.g. expand and repair Bai Moi irrigation dam in Man village and redistribute irrigation water to all downstream villages).
    19 : Watershed management board organize inter-village meeting with the assistant from H? Trung commune people’s committee (including Tré, Man, C?n và Cò Con village) to: Establish mechanism for sharing responsibility of protection and plantation watershed forest, and Share benefit from Cai stream to Man, C?n và Cò con villages. Develop benefit sharing mechanism in the watershed management system
    20 : Community level payments for environmental services: Tre villagers plant and protect the forest at the watershed source areas with labour contributed from the other 03 downstream villages (Man, Con and Co Con) who benefit from the resulting water from upstream in the afforestation process . In the Bai Moi dam construction process, all 3 downstream villagers cover the labor input and local material for the construction such as: bamboo, stone, brick and sand…etc Villagers located at the Bai Moi irrigation dam in the middle of the watershed take responsibility for the management and operations of the dam and irrigation management following the community planned construction and repair work; Villagers in Con and Co Con village are responsible for the dam maintenance fee in the later stages
    21 : Inter-village benefit and responsibility sharing agreements.
    22 : This is a new model promoted by PWM project, communities are not aware of the model effectiveness, therefore, it was hard to mobilize the participation of communities. Local government and communities alike are not familiar with participatory processes in which the result and plans are determined collectively and where land users are equal part of decision making. Therefore much awareness raising, confidence building and capacity are needed Social-environmental impact and potential impact of climate change are considered in the implementation process only, therefore, watershed management plan did not cover climate change impact related activities. Legal issues such as: Land use rights, community fees which prevent landscape/watershed based planning and benefit sharing It takes time and commitment from not only local government agencies but also communities because model establishment included different stages and stakeholders in an unfamiliar process. This model has been successfully promoted in small scale with the assistant from PWM project. However, it takes time to see impact of the model Lessons learnt so far: Difficulties and challenges:
    23 : Advantages and opportunities Mobilize the active participation of communities in the process (including: feasibility study, proposal, implementation and monitoring) The watershed management system based on the communities' needs, therefore, it has strong support and commitment from communities This model is developed as an integral part of social economic development plan of the local communities. Contribute to long term environmentally sustainable land use management Linkage between benefit sharing and responsibility to ensure the sustainability of the model.
    24 : Through application of this methodology, PWM project has facilitated local communities to get opportunity to raise their voices (including poor ethnic women) in the decision making process; and Local communities will share responsibilities and benefits when they participate in all the stages of planning including watershed management system implementation; In order for better living conditions and sustainable management natural resources. Advantages and opportunities (2)
    25 : Thank you for your attention! Participatory watershed management (PWM) project

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